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Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP2) is a key molecule in the MACC1-mediated platelet communication and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells

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Item Type:Article
Title:Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP2) is a key molecule in the MACC1-mediated platelet communication and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells
Creators Name:Haschemi, R. and Kobelt, D. and Steinwarz, E. and Schlesinger, M. and Stein, U. and Bendas, G.
Abstract:Tumor cell crosstalk with platelets and, subsequently, their activation are key steps in hematogenous tumor metastasis. MACC1 is an oncogene involved in molecular pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) and other solid tumor entities, mediating motility and metastasis, making MACC1 an accepted prognostic biomarker. However, the impact of MACC1 on platelet activation has not yet been addressed. Here, we investigated the activation of platelets by human CRC cells upon MACC1 modulation, indicated by platelet aggregation and granule release. These approaches led to the identification of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP2) as a functional downstream molecule of MACC1, affecting communication with platelets. This was confirmed by an shRNA-mediated IGFBP2 knockdown, while maintaining MACC1 activity. Although IGFBP2 displayed an attenuated platelet activation potential, obviously by scavenging IGF-I as a platelet costimulatory mediator, the MACC1/IGFBP2 axis did not affect the thrombin formation potential of the cells. Furthermore, the IGFBP2/MACC1-driven cell migration and invasiveness was further accelerated by platelets. The key role of IGFBP2 for the metastatic spread in vivo was confirmed in a xenograft mouse model. Data provide evidence for IGFBP2 as a downstream functional component of MACC1-driven metastasis, linking these two accepted oncogenic biomarkers for the first time in a platelet context.
Keywords:Colorectal Cancer, IGFBP2, MACC1, Metastasis, Platelets, Animals, Mice
Source:International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN:1422-0067
Publisher:MDPI
Volume:22
Number:22
Page Range:12195
Date:11 November 2021
Official Publication:http://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212195
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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