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Modular deep neural networks for automatic quality control of retinal optical coherence tomography scans

Item Type:Article
Title:Modular deep neural networks for automatic quality control of retinal optical coherence tomography scans
Creators Name:Kauer-Bonin, J. and Yadav, S.K. and Beckers, I. and Gawlik, K. and Motamedi, S. and Zimmermann, H.G. and Kadas, E.M. and Haußer, F. and Paul, F. and Brandt, A.U.
Abstract:Retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) with intraretinal layer segmentation is increasingly used not only in ophthalmology but also for neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Signal quality influences segmentation results, and high-quality OCT images are needed for accurate segmentation and quantification of subtle intraretinal layer changes. Among others, OCT image quality depends on the ability to focus, patient compliance and operator skills. Current criteria for OCT quality define acceptable image quality, but depend on manual rating by experienced graders and are time consuming and subjective. In this paper, we propose and validate a standardized, grader-independent, real-time feedback system for automatic quality assessment of retinal OCT images. We defined image quality criteria for scan centering, signal quality and image completeness based on published quality criteria and typical artifacts identified by experienced graders when inspecting OCT images. We then trained modular neural networks on OCT data with manual quality grading to analyze image quality features. Quality analysis by a combination of these trained networks generates a comprehensive quality report containing quantitative results. We validated the approach against quality assessment according to the OSCAR-IB criteria by an experienced grader. Here, 100 OCT files with volume, circular and radial scans, centered on optic nerve head and macula, were analyzed and classified. A specificity of 0.96, a sensitivity of 0.97 and an accuracy of 0.97 as well as a Matthews correlation coefficient of 0.93 indicate a high rate of correct classification. Our method shows promising results in comparison to manual OCT grading and may be useful for real-time image quality analysis or analysis of large data sets, supporting standardized application of image quality criteria.
Keywords:Automatic Quality Analysis, Deep Learning, OCT Quality Analysis, OCT Quality Standard, Quality Classification
Source:Computers in Biology and Medicine
Page Range:104822
Date:1 February 2022
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2021.104822
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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