Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


A sweet story of metabolic innovation in the naked mole-rat

Item Type:Article
Title:A sweet story of metabolic innovation in the naked mole-rat
Creators Name:Reznick, J. and Park, T.J. and Lewin, G.R.
Abstract:The naked mole-rat's (Heterocephalus glaber) social and subterranean lifestyle imposes several evolutionary pressures which have shaped its physiology. One example is low oxygen availability in a crowded burrow system which the naked mole-rat has adapted to via several mechanisms. Here we describe a metabolic rewiring which enables the naked mole-rat to switch substrates in glycolysis from glucose to fructose thereby circumventing feedback inhibition at phosphofructokinase (PFK1) to allow unrestrained glycolytic flux and ATP supply under hypoxia. Preferential shift to fructose metabolism occurs in other species and biological systems as a means to provide fuel, water or like in the naked mole-rat, protection in a low oxygen environment. We review fructose metabolism through an ecological lens and suggest that the metabolic adaptation to utilize fructose in the naked mole-rat may have evolved to simultaneously combat multiple challenges posed by its hostile environment.
Keywords:Acclimatization, Physiological Adaptation, Oxygen, Taste, Animals, Mole Rats
Source:Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Series Name:Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Title of Book:The Extraordinary Biology of the Naked Mole-Rat
Page Range:271-286
Number of Pages:445
Date:24 August 2021
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65943-1_10
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library