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Lack of reciprocity in drug and light dose dependence of photodynamic therapy of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in vitro

Item Type:Article
Title:Lack of reciprocity in drug and light dose dependence of photodynamic therapy of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in vitro
Creators Name:Moesta, K.T. and Greco, W.R. and Nurse-Finlay, S.O. and Parsons, J.C. and Mang, T.S.
Abstract:Two human pancreatic cell lines, MIA PaCa 2 and Capan 2, were treated by photodynamic therapy in vitro with Photophrin (0.01-25 micrograms/ml; 24 h) and then light (1-50 J/cm2; lambda = 630 nm). The following model was fit to 6 datasets with weighted nonlinear regression: [sequence: see text] The symbols are: E, cell growth; Econ, control growth in the absence of the combination; B, background signal; m, slope parameter; gamma, interaction parameter; D, concentration of Photofrin; L, light dose; F, fraction of Photofrin not photobleached by the light dose; k, k1, k2, bleaching parameters; A, distribution parameter for biexponential bleaching equation. Simple reciprocity of photosensitizer concentration and light dose was not found; compensation for photobleaching was critical. MIA PaCa2 required the monoexponential bleaching factor, whereas Capan 2 required the biexponential bleaching factor. The greater photosensitivity of MIA PaCa2 over Capan 2 can be best explained not by differences in the interaction parameter but rather by differences in the photobleaching pattern and rate. It may be possible to further enhance the selectivity of photodynamic therapy if differences in photobleaching between different cell types can be exploited by adequate dosimetry.
Keywords:Adenocarcinoma, Computer Simulation, Drug Dose-Response Relationship, Hematoporphyrin Derivative, Biological Models, Pancreatic Neoplasms, Photochemotherapy, Thymidine, Tritium, Cultured Tumor Cells
Source:Cancer Research
ISSN:0008-5472
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research (U.S.A.)
Volume:55
Number:14
Page Range:3078-3084
Date:15 July 1995
Official Publication:http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/55/14/3078.abstract
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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