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Exome sequencing identifies a novel heterozygous TGFB3 mutation in a disorder overlapping with Marfan and Loeys-Dietz syndrome

Item Type:Article
Title:Exome sequencing identifies a novel heterozygous TGFB3 mutation in a disorder overlapping with Marfan and Loeys-Dietz syndrome
Creators Name:Kuechler, A. and Altmüller, J. and Nürnberg, P. and Kotthoff, S. and Kubisch, C. and Borck, G.
Abstract:Marfan syndrome (MFS) and Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) are clinically related autosomal dominant systemic connective tissue disorders. Although mutations in several genes of the TGF-beta signalling and related pathways have been identified in the past (e.g. FBN1, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, SMAD3, TGFB2), there are still many individuals with “marfanoid” phenotypes in whom no causative mutations are identified. We performed whole exome sequencing in two of three affected individuals from a family with phenotypic features overlapping MFS and LDS. The two affected children and their affected father had tall stature, arachnodactyly, hyperextensible joints, hypertelorism, bifid uvula, but no cardiac involvement, aortic dilation or eye involvement. We detected a novel heterozygous mutation in TGFB3, c.898C>G, predicting the missense substitution p.Arg300Gly. Sanger sequencing confirmed the mutation and its segregation with the phenotype. The first two TGFB3 mutations were reported previously in two unrelated individuals with marfanoid features: one individual with growth retardation carried a heterozygous loss-of-function mutation (c.1226G>A; p.Cys409Tyr; Rienhoff et al., 2013), whereas a child with overgrowth carried a mutation in the same codon as the mutation identified in the three affected individuals reported here (c.899G>A; p.Arg300Gln; Matyas et al., 2014). The mutations at codon Arg300 presumably lead to increased TGF-beta signalling, suggesting that the short or tall stature seen in patients with TGFB3 mutations may result from opposing effects of mutations on TGF-beta signalling. Thus, we add a novel human TGFB3 mutation, contribute to the clinical delineation of the emerging connective tissue disorder tentatively called Rienhoff syndrome and compare the data with a very recent report (Bertoli-Avella et al., 2015) on TGFB3 mutations associated with aortic aneurysms or dissections.
Keywords:TGFB3, Tall stature, Bifid uvula, Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, Exome sequencing
Source:Molecular and Cellular Probes
Page Range:330-334
Date:October 2015
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcp.2015.07.003
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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