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CALINCA - a novel pipeline for the identification of lncRNAs in podocyte disease

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Item Type:Article
Title:CALINCA - a novel pipeline for the identification of lncRNAs in podocyte disease
Creators Name:Talyan, S. and Filipów, S. and Ignarski, M. and Smieszek, M. and Chen, H. and Kühne, L. and Butt, L. and Göbel, H. and Hoyer-Allo, K.J.R. and Koehler, F.C. and Altmüller, J. and Brinkkötter, P. and Schermer, B. and Benzing, T. and Kann, M. and Müller, R.U. and Dieterich, C.
Abstract:Diseases of the renal filtration unit-the glomerulus-are the most common cause of chronic kidney disease. Podocytes are the pivotal cell type for the function of this filter and focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a classic example of a podocytopathy leading to proteinuria and glomerular scarring. Currently, no targeted treatment of FSGS is available. This lack of therapeutic strategies is explained by a limited understanding of the defects in podocyte cell biology leading to FSGS. To date, most studies in the field have focused on protein-coding genes and their gene products. However, more than 80% of all transcripts produced by mammalian cells are actually non-coding. Here, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a relatively novel class of transcripts and have not been systematically studied in FSGS to date. The appropriate tools to facilitate lncRNA research for the renal scientific community are urgently required due to a row of challenges compared to classical analysis pipelines optimized for coding RNA expression analysis. Here, we present the bioinformatic pipeline CALINCA as a solution for this problem. CALINCA automatically analyzes datasets from murine FSGS models and quantifies both annotated and de novo assembled lncRNAs. In addition, the tool provides in-depth information on podocyte specificity of these lncRNAs, as well as evolutionary conservation and expression in human datasets making this pipeline a crucial basis to lncRNA studies in FSGS.
Keywords:Kidney, Glomerulus, Podocyte, Focal-Segmental Glomerulosclerosis, FSGS, Long Non-Coding RNA, lncRNA, RNAscope, Animals, Mice
Source:Cells
ISSN:2073-4409
Publisher:MDPI
Volume:10
Number:3
Page Range:692
Date:March 2021
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3390/cells10030692
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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