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Pressure-natriuresis and -diuresis in transgenic rats harboring both human renin and human angiotensinogen genes

Item Type:Article
Title:Pressure-natriuresis and -diuresis in transgenic rats harboring both human renin and human angiotensinogen genes
Creators Name:Dehmel, B. and Mervaala, E. and Lippoldt, A. and Gross, V. and Bohlender, J. and Ganten, D. and Luft, F.C.
Abstract:The hypertensive double transgenic rat harboring both the human renin and human angiotensinogen genes (dTGR) offers a unique opportunity to study the human renin-angiotensin system in an experimental animal model. Since nothing is known about the control of sodium and water excretion in these rats, this study was performed to compare pressure-natriuresis relationships in hypertensive dTGR and normotensive control rats harboring only the human renin gene (hREN), in order to determine how the pressure-natriuresis relationship is reset in hypertensive dTGR. To differentiate between extrinsic and intrinsic renal mechanisms, experiments were performed with and without renal denervation, and with and without infusions of vasopressin, norepinephrine, 17-OH-corticosterone, and aldosterone. Human and rat angiotensinogen and renin mRNA expression were also determined. In hREN without controlled renal function, urine flow and sodium excretion increased from 13 to 169 microl/min per g kidney wet weight (kwt) and from 1 to 30 micromol/min per g kwt, respectively, as renal perfusion pressure was increased from 67 to 135 mmHg. Renal blood flow (RBF) and GFR ranged between 3 to 7 and 0.9 to 1.5 ml/min per g kwt. In dTGR, pressure-natriuresis-diuresis relationships were shifted approximately 40 mmHg rightward. RBF was lower in dTGR than in hREN; GFR was not different. In dTGR with neurohormonal factors controlled, RBF was decreased and pressure-natriuresis-diuresis curves were not different compared to dTGR curves without these interventions. By light microscopy, the kidneys of these 6-wk-old dTGR and hREN rats were normal and indistinguishable. Both human and rat renin and angiotensinogen mRNA were expressed in the kidneys of dTGR. The two renin mRNA were decreased in dTGR, indicating a physiologic downregulation of renin gene expression by high BP. It is concluded that the renal pressure-natriuresis mechanism is reset toward higher pressure levels in dTGR and participates in the maintenance of hypertension. The reduced excretory function in dTGR depends on hREN and human angiotensinogen gene expression and is intrinsic to the kidney as opposed to extrarenal regulators.
Keywords:Aldosterone, Angiotensinogen, Blood Pressure, Diuresis, Hypertension, In Situ Hybridization, Inulin, Metabolic Clearance Rate, Natriuresis, p-Aminohippuric Acid, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Renin, Renin-Angiotensin System, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
ISSN:1046-6673
Publisher:American Society of Nephrology (U.S.A.)
Volume:9
Number:12
Page Range:2212-2222
Date:December 1998
Official Publication:http://jasn.asnjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/9/12/2212
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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