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Impact of a specialised palliative care intervention in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma - a single-centre retrospective analysis

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Item Type:Article
Title:Impact of a specialised palliative care intervention in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma - a single-centre retrospective analysis
Creators Name:Brandes, F. and Striefler, J.K. and Dörr, A. and Schmiester, M. and Märdian, S. and Koulaxouzidis, G. and Kaul, D. and Behzadi, A. and Thuss-Patience, P. and Ahn, J. and Pelzer, U. and Bullinger, L. and Flörcken, A.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) account for less than 1% of all malignancies. Approximately 50% of the patients develop metastases with limited survival in the course of their disease. For those patients, palliative treatment aiming at symptom relief and improvement of quality of life is most important. However, data on symptom burden and palliative intervention are limited in STS patients. AIM: Our study evaluates the effectiveness of a palliative care intervention on symptom relief and quality of life in STS patients. DESIGN/SETTING: We retrospectively analysed 53 inpatient visits of 34 patients with advanced STS, admitted to our palliative care unit between 2012 and 2018. Symptom burden was measured with a standardised base assessment questionnaire at admission and discharge. RESULTS: Median disease duration before admission was 24 months, 85% of patients had metastases. The predominant indication for admission was pain, weakness and fatigue. Palliative care intervention led to a significant reduction of pain: median NRS for acute pain was reduced from 3 to 1 (p < 0.001), pain within the last 24 h from 5 to 2 (p < 0.001) and of the median MIDOS symptom score: 18 to 13 (p < 0.001). Also, the median stress level, according to the distress thermometer, was reduced significantly: 7.5 to 5 (p = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Our data underline that specialised palliative care intervention leads to significant symptom relief in patients with advanced STS. Further efforts should aim for an early integration of palliative care in these patients focusing primarily on the identification of subjects at high risk for severe symptomatic disease.
Keywords:Palliative Care, Soft Tissue Sarcoma, MIDOS Symptom Score, Symptom Burden, Early Palliative Careintervention, Inpatient Palliative Care
Source:BMC Palliative Care
Publisher:BioMed Central
Page Range:16
Date:14 January 2021
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-00702-1
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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