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Patient-derived xenografts from solid tumors (PDX) for models of metastasis

Item Type:Article
Title:Patient-derived xenografts from solid tumors (PDX) for models of metastasis
Creators Name:Wulf-Goldenberg, A. and Hoffmann, J. and Becker, M. and Brzezicha, B. and Walther, W.
Abstract:In cancer research, availability of clinically relevant tumor models is still essential for drug testing, proof of concept studies, and also molecular analyses. To achieve this, models are of advantage, which more closely reflect heterogeneity of tumors. In this regard, patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models more closely recapitulate the native tumor biology, tissue composition, and molecular characteristics. Since metastasis is still the major challenge of tumor therapy, models are pivotal, which resemble this particular property. In this context, PDX model-derived metastasis is of particular interest for testing antimetastatic therapies for their efficacy to better target this systemic disease. This protocol describes the establishment of PDX models from tumor specimen and their applicability for PDX-derived metastasis at metastatic sites such as liver and lung, which are also clinically relevant for the systemic spread of cancer. Analysis of metastasis and methods for quantification of metastatic spread are provided.
Keywords:Metastasis, Patient-Derived Xenograft (PDX), Solid Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Breast Cancer, Animals, Mice
Source:Methods in Molecular Biology
Series Name:Methods in Molecular Biology
Title of Book:Metastasis : methods and protocols
Publisher:Springer / Humana Press
Page Range:43-58
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-1350-4_4
PubMed:View item in PubMed
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