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Single-cell meta-analysis of SARS-CoV-2 entry genes across tissues and demographics

Item Type:Article
Title:Single-cell meta-analysis of SARS-CoV-2 entry genes across tissues and demographics
Creators Name:Muus, C. and Luecken, M.D. and Eraslan, G. and Sikkema, L. and Waghray, A. and Heimberg, G. and Kobayashi, Y. and Vaishnav, E.D. and Subramanian, A. and Smillie, C. and Jagadeesh, K.A. and Duong, E.T. and Fiskin, E. and Triglia, E.T. and Ansari, M. and Cai, P. and Lin, B. and Buchanan, J. and Chen, S. and Shu, J. and Haber, A.L. and Chung, H. and Montoro, D.T. and Adams, T. and Aliee, H. and Allon, S.J. and Andrusivova, Z. and Angelidis, I. and Ashenberg, O. and Bassler, K. and Bécavin, C. and Benhar, I. and Bergenstråhle, J. and Bergenstråhle, L. and Bolt, L. and Braun, E. and Bui, L.T. and Callori, S. and Chaffin, M. and Chichelnitskiy, E. and Chiou, J. and Conlon, T.M. and Cuoco, M.S. and Cuomo, A.S.E. and Deprez, M. and Duclos, G. and Fine, D. and Fischer, D.S. and Ghazanfar, S. and Gillich, A. and Giotti, B. and Gould, J. and Guo, M. and Gutierrez, A.J. and Habermann, A.C. and Harvey, T. and He, P. and Hou, X. and Hu, L. and Hu, Y. and Jaiswal, A. and Ji, L. and Jiang, P. and Kapellos, T.S. and Kuo, C.S. and Larsson, L. and Leney-Greene, M.A. and Lim, K. and Litviňuková, M. and Ludwig, L.S. and Lukassen, S. and Luo, W. and Maatz, H. and Madissoon, E. and Mamanova, L. and Manakongtreecheep, K. and Leroy, S. and Mayr, C.H. and Mbano, I.M. and McAdams, A.M. and Nabhan, A.N. and Nyquist, S.K. and Penland, L. and Poirion, O.B. and Poli, S. and Qi, C.C. and Queen, R. and Reichart, D. and Rosas, I. and Schupp, J.C. and Shea, C.V. and Shi, X. and Sinha, R. and Sit, R.V. and Slowikowski, K. and Slyper, M. and Smith, N.P. and Sountoulidis, A. and Strunz, M. and Sullivan, T.B. and Sun, D. and Talavera-López, C. and Tan, P. and Tantivit, J. and Travaglini, K.J. and Tucker, N.R. and Vernon, K.A. and Wadsworth, M.H. and Waldman, J. and Wang, X. and Xu, K. and Yan, W. and Zhao, W. and Ziegler, C.G.K.
Abstract:Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and accessory proteases (TMPRSS2 and CTSL) are needed for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) cellular entry, and their expression may shed light on viral tropism and impact across the body. We assessed the cell-type-specific expression of ACE2, TMPRSS2 and CTSL across 107 single-cell RNA-sequencing studies from different tissues. ACE2, TMPRSS2 and CTSL are coexpressed in specific subsets of respiratory epithelial cells in the nasal passages, airways and alveoli, and in cells from other organs associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission or pathology. We performed a meta-analysis of 31 lung single-cell RNA-sequencing studies with 1,320,896 cells from 377 nasal, airway and lung parenchyma samples from 228 individuals. This revealed cell-type-specific associations of age, sex and smoking with expression levels of ACE2, TMPRSS2 and CTSL. Expression of entry factors increased with age and in males, including in airway secretory cells and alveolar type 2 cells. Expression programs shared by ACE2(+)TMPRSS2(+) cells in nasal, lung and gut tissues included genes that may mediate viral entry, key immune functions and epithelial-macrophage cross-talk, such as genes involved in the interleukin-6, interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor and complement pathways. Cell-type-specific expression patterns may contribute to the pathogenesis of COVID-19, and our work highlights putative molecular pathways for therapeutic intervention.
Keywords:Alveolar Epithelial Cells, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2, COVID-19, Cathepsin L, Datasets as Topic, Demography, Gene Expression Profiling, Host-Pathogen Interactions, Lung, Organ Specificity, RNA Sequence Analysis, Respiratory System, SARS-CoV-2, Serine Endopeptidases, Single-Cell Analysis, Virus Internalization
Source:Nature Medicine
ISSN:1078-8956
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Volume:27
Number:3
Page Range:546-559
Date:2 March 2021
Additional Information:Norbert Hübner and Roland F. Schwarz are members of the Human Cell Atlas Lung Biological Network.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-01227-z
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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