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An in vivo strategy for knockdown of circular RNAs

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Item Type:Article
Title:An in vivo strategy for knockdown of circular RNAs
Creators Name:Pamudurti, N.R. and Patop, I.L. and Krishnamoorthy, A. and Ashwal-Fluss, R. and Bartok, O. and Kadener, S.
Abstract:Exonic circular RNAs (circRNAs) are highly abundant RNAs generated mostly from exons of protein-coding genes. Assaying the functions of circRNAs is not straightforward as common approaches for circRNA depletion tend to also alter the levels of mRNAs generated from the hosting gene. Here we describe a methodology for specific knockdown of circRNAs in vivo with tissue and cell resolution. We also describe an experimental and computational platform for determining the potential off-target effects as well as for verifying the obtained phenotypes. Briefly, we utilize shRNAs targeted to the circRNA-specific back-splice junction to specifically downregulate the circRNA. We utilized this methodology to downregulate five circRNAs that are highly expressed in Drosophila. There were no effects on the levels of their linear counterparts or any RNA with complementarity to the expressed shRNA. Interestingly, downregulation of circCtrip resulted in developmental lethality that was recapitulated with a second shRNA. Moreover, downregulation of individual circRNAs caused specific changes in the fly head transcriptome, suggesting roles for these circRNAs in the fly nervous system. Together, our results provide a methodological approach that enables the comprehensive study of circRNAs at the organismal and cellular levels and generated for the first time flies in which specific circRNAs are downregulated.
Source:Cell Discovery
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:52
Date:11 August 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41421-020-0182-y
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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