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Longitudinal assessment of clonal mosaicism in human hematopoiesis via mitochondrial mutation tracking

Item Type:Article
Title:Longitudinal assessment of clonal mosaicism in human hematopoiesis via mitochondrial mutation tracking
Creators Name:Lareau, C.A. and Ludwig, L.S. and Sankaran, V.G.
Abstract:Our ability to track cellular dynamics in humans over time in vivo has been limited. Here, we demonstrate how somatic mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can be used to longitudinally track the dynamic output of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in humans. Over the course of 3 years of blood sampling in a single individual, our analyses reveal somatic mtDNA sequence variation and evolution reminiscent of models of hematopoiesis established by genetic labeling approaches. Furthermore, we observe fluctuations in mutation heteroplasmy, coinciding with specific clinical events, such as infections, and further identify lineage-specific somatic mtDNA mutations in longitudinally sampled circulating blood cell subsets in individuals with leukemia. Collectively, these observations indicate the significant potential of using tracking of somatic mtDNA sequence variation as a broadly applicable approach to systematically assess hematopoietic clonal dynamics in human health and disease.
Keywords:Blood Cells, DNA, Mitochondrial Genetics, Hematopoiesis, Heteroplasmia, Infections, Leukemia, Mitochondrial DNA Mutation, Mosaicism, Mutation
Source:Blood Advances
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
Page Range:4161-4165
Date:23 December 2019
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2019001196
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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