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Single-cell analyses of aging, inflammation and senescence

Item Type:Review
Title:Single-cell analyses of aging, inflammation and senescence
Creators Name:Uyar, B. and Palmer, D. and Kowald, A. and Escobar, H.M. and Barrantes, I. and Möller, S. and Akalin, A. and Fuellen, G.
Abstract:Single-cell gene expression (transcriptomics) data are becoming robust and abundant, and are increasingly used to track organisms along their life-course. This allows investigation into how aging affects cellular transcriptomes, and how changes in transcriptomes may underlie aging, including chronic inflammation (inflammaging), immunosenescence and cellular senescence. We compiled and tabulated aging-related single-cell datasets published to date, collected and discussed relevant findings, and inspected some of these datasets ourselves. We specifically note insights that cannot (or not easily) be based on bulk data. For example, in some datasets, the fraction of cells expressing p16 (CDKN2A), one of the most prominent markers of cellular senescence, was reported to increase, in addition to its upregulated mean expression over all cells. Moreover, we found evidence for inflammatory processes in most datasets, some of these driven by specific cells of the immune system. Further, single-cell data are specifically useful to investigate whether transcriptional heterogeneity (also called noise or variability) increases with age, and many (but not all) studies in our review report an increase in such heterogeneity. Finally, we demonstrate some stability of marker gene expression patterns across closely similar studies and suggest that single-cell experiments may hold the key to provide detailed insights whenever interventions (countering aging, inflammation, senescence, disease, etc.) are affecting cells depending on cell type.
Keywords:Single-Cell Sequencing, Aging, Inflammaging, Cellular Senescence, Transcriptional Heterogeneity, Biomarkers
Source:Ageing Research Reviews
Page Range:101156
Date:December 2020
Additional Information:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2020.101156
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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