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Hepatoprotection in bile duct ligated mice mediated by darbepoetin-α is not caused by changes in hepatobiliary transporter expression

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Item Type:Article
Title:Hepatoprotection in bile duct ligated mice mediated by darbepoetin-α is not caused by changes in hepatobiliary transporter expression
Creators Name:Eipel, C. and Menschikow, E. and Sigal, M. and Kuhla, A. and Abshagen, K. and Vollmar, B.
Abstract:AIMS: Darbepoetin-α (DPO), a long-acting erythropoietin analog, has been shown to protect the liver against cholestatic injury, to exert an antifibrotic effect, and to increase the survival time in a model of common bile duct ligation. Here we evaluate whether these tissue-protective effects are caused by DPO induced regulation of hepatobiliary transporters. MAIN METHODS: C57BL/6J mice underwent common bile duct ligation and were treated with either DPO or physiological saline. Time dependent (2, 5, 14, 28 days after bile duct ligation) protein expression of different hepatobiliary transporters which have been established to play an important role in hepatocellular (i) bile acid uptake, (ii) bile acid excretion, and (iii) retrograde bile acid efflux were assessed. mRNA and protein expression of Lhx2, an important negative regulator of hepatic stellate cell activation, was determined. KEY FINDINGS: Saline treated cholestatic mice impress with increased mRNA expression of Lhx2 as a defense mechanism, while there is less need for such an upregulation in mice treated with DPO. Whereas Ntcp (slc10a1) protein expression is suppressed as early as 2 days after bile duct ligation to 40% in untreated animals, DPO treated mice exhibit decreased protein level not before day 5. Similarly, the steady decline of Mrp4 (abcc4) protein level during extrahepatic cholestasis in control treated animals does not occur upon DPO application. SIGNIFICANCE: The collected data show that DPO affects expression of hepatobilliary transporters during obstructive cholestasis but do not provide sufficient evidence to demonstrate a direct correlation between this regulation and hepatoprotection by DPO.
Keywords:Bile Duct Ligation, Cholestasis, Erythropoietin, slc10a1, abcc4, Animals, Mice
Source:International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
ISSN:1936-2625
Publisher:e-Century Publishing Corporation
Volume:6
Number:1
Page Range:80-90
Date:1 January 2013
Official Publication:http://www.ijcep.com/1210015A.html
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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