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Radiological, chemical, and pharmacological cholinergic system parameters and neurocognitive disorders in older presurgical adults

Item Type:Article
Title:Radiological, chemical, and pharmacological cholinergic system parameters and neurocognitive disorders in older presurgical adults
Creators Name:Heinrich, M. and Müller, A. and Lammers-Lietz, F. and Borchers, F. and Mörgeli, R. and Kruppa, J. and Zacharias, N. and Winterer, G. and Slooter, A.J.C. and Spies, C.D.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: A pre-existing neurocognitive disorder (NCD) is a relevant factor for the outcome of surgical patients. To improve understanding of these conditions, we investigated the association between parameters of the cholinergic system and NCD. METHOD: This investigation is part of the BioCog project (www.biocog.eu), which is a prospective multicenter observational study including patients aged 65 years and older scheduled for elective surgery. Patients with a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ≤23 points were excluded. Neurocognitive disorder was assessed according to the fifth Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria. The basal forebrain cholinergic system volume (BFCSV) was assessed with magnetic resonance imaging, the peripheral cholinesterase (ChE) activities with point-of-care measurements, and anticholinergic load by analyzing the long-term medication with anticholinergic scales (Anticholinergic Drug Scale [ADS], Anticholinergic Risk Scale [ARS], Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale [ACBS]). The associations of BFCSV, ChE activities, and anticholinergic scales with NCD were studied with logistic regression analysis, adjusting for confounding factors. RESULTS: A total of 797 participants (mean age 72 years, 42% females) were included. One hundred and eleven patients (13.9%) fulfilled criteria for mild NCD and 82 patients (10.3%) for major NCD criteria. We found that AcetylChE activity was associated with major NCD (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: [U/gHB] 1.061 [1.010, 1.115]), as well as ADS score ([points] 1.353 [1.063, 1.723]) or ARS score, respectively ([points] 1.623 [1.100, 2.397]) with major NCD. However, we found no association between BFCSV or ButyrylChE activity with mild or major NCD. CONCLUSIONS: AcetylChE activity and anticholinergic load were associated with major NCD. Future research should focus on the association of the cholinergic system and the development of postoperative delirium and postoperative NCD.
Keywords:Cognition, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cholinesterase, Anticholinergic Medication
Source:Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Page Range:1029-1036
Date:June 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glaa182
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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