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Multispecies RNA tomography reveals regulators of hematopoietic stem cell birth in the embryonic aorta

Item Type:Article
Title:Multispecies RNA tomography reveals regulators of hematopoietic stem cell birth in the embryonic aorta
Creators Name:Yvernogeau, L. and Klaus, A. and Maas, J. and Morin-Poulard, I. and Weijts, B. and Schulte-Merker, S. and Berezikov, E. and Junker, J.P. and Robin, C.
Abstract:The defined location of a stem cell within a niche regulates its fate, behavior and molecular identity via a complex extrinsic regulation far from being fully elucidated yet. To explore the molecular characteristics and key components of the aortic microenvironment, where the first hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are generated during development, we performed genome-wide RNA tomography sequencing on zebrafish, chicken, mouse and human embryos. The resulting anterior-posterior and dorsal-ventral transcriptional maps provided a powerful resource for exploring genes and regulatory pathways active in the aortic microenvironment. By performing inter-species comparative RNA-seq analyses and functional assays, we explored the complexity of the aortic microenvironment landscape and the fine-tuning of various factors interplaying to control HSC generation both in time and space in vivo, including the ligand-receptor couple ADM-RAMP2 and SVEP1. Understanding the regulatory function of the local environment will pave the way for improved stem cell production in vitro and clinical cell therapy.
Keywords:Aorta, Embryo, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, RNA, Cell Therapy, Ligands, RNA-Seq, Stem Cells, Animals, Chickens, Mice
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
Page Range:831-844
Date:13 August 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019004446
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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