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3-amino-1,2,4-triazole induces quick and strong fat loss in mice with high fat-induced metabolic syndrome

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Item Type:Article
Title:3-amino-1,2,4-triazole induces quick and strong fat loss in mice with high fat-induced metabolic syndrome
Creators Name:Nunes-Souza, V. and Dias-Júnior, N.M. and Eleutério-Silva, M.A. and Ferreira-Neves, V.P. and Moura, F.A. and Alenina, N. and Bader, M. and Rabelo, L.A.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing epidemic with limited effective treatments and an important risk factor for several diseases such as metabolic syndrome (MetS). In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (ATZ), an inhibitor of catalase and heme synthesis, in a murine model for MetS. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice with high-fat diet-induced MetS received ATZ (500 mg·kg(-1)·24 h(-1)) for 12 weeks. RESULTS: The HFD group showed increased blood pressure and body weight, enhanced fat deposition accompanied by an increase in adipocyte diameter, and decreased lipolysis in white adipose tissue (WAT). The expression of genes related to inflammation was increased in WAT of the HFD group. Concurrently, these mice exhibited an increase in leptin, nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA), insulin, and glucose in plasma, coupled with glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. Strikingly, ATZ prevented the increase in blood pressure and the HFD-induced obesity as observed by lower body weight, WAT index, triglycerides, NEFA, and leptin in plasma. ATZ treatment also prevented the HFD-induced increase in adipocyte diameter and even induced marked atrophy and the accumulation of macrophages in this tissue. ATZ treatment also improved glucose metabolism by increasing glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, GLUT4 mRNA expression in WAT in parallel to decreased insulin levels. CONCLUSIONS: In the context of HFD-induced obesity and metabolic syndrome, the fat loss induced by ATZ is probably due to heme synthesis inhibition, which blocks adipogenesis by probably decreased RevErbα activity, leading to apoptosis of adipocytes and the recruitment of macrophages. As a consequence of fat loss, ATZ elicits a beneficial systemic antiobesity effect and improves the metabolic status.
Keywords:Animal Disease Models, Body Weight, Metabolic Syndrome, Triazoles, Animals, Mice
Source:Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Page Range:3025361
Date:13 April 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3025361
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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