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Optic chiasm measurements may be useful markers of anterior optic pathway degeneration in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders

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Item Type:Article
Title:Optic chiasm measurements may be useful markers of anterior optic pathway degeneration in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders
Creators Name:Juenger, V. and Cooper, G. and Chien, C. and Chikermane, M. and Oertel, F.C. and Zimmermann, H. and Ruprecht, K. and Jarius, S. and Siebert, N. and Kuchling, J. and Papadopoulou, A. and Asseyer, S. and Bellmann-Strobl, J. and Paul, F. and Brandt, A.U. and Scheel, M.
Abstract:OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate optic chiasm (OC) measures as potential imaging marker for anterior optic pathway damage assessment in the context of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). MATERIALS AND METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 39 patients exclusively with aquaporin 4-IgG seropositive NMOSD of which 25 patients had a history of optic neuritis (NMOSD-ON) and 37 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC). OC heights, width, and area were measured using standard 3D T1-weighted MRI. Sensitivity of these measures to detect neurodegeneration in the anterior optic pathway was assessed in receiver operating characteristics analyses. Correlation coefficients were used to assess associations with structural measures of the anterior optic pathway (optic nerve dimensions, retinal ganglion cell loss) and clinical measures (visual function and disease duration). RESULTS: OC heights and area were significantly smaller in NMOSD-ON compared to HC (NMOSD-ON vs. HC p < 0.0001). An OC area smaller than 22.5 mm(2) yielded a sensitivity of 0.92 and a specificity of 0.92 in separating chiasms of NMOSD-ON from HC. OC area correlated well with structural and clinical measures in NMOSD-ON: optic nerve diameter (r = 0.4, p = 0.047), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (r = 0.59, p = 0.003), global visual acuity (r = − 0.57, p = 0.013), and diseases duration (r = − 0.5, p = 0.012). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that OC measures are promising and easily accessible imaging markers for the assessment of anterior optic pathway damage. KEY POINTS: (1) Optic chiasm dimensions were smaller in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder patients compared to healthy controls. (2) Optic chiasm dimensions are associated with retinal measures and visual dysfunction. (3) The optic chiasm might be used as an easily accessible imaging marker of neurodegeneration in the anterior optic pathway with potential functional relevance.
Keywords:Optic Neuritis, Optic Chiasm, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neuromyelitis Optica
Source:European Radiology
Page Range:5048-5058
Date:September 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06859-w
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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