Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


Anthropometrische Messungen in der NAKO Gesundheitsstudie - mehr als nur Größe und Gewicht [Anthropometric measures in the German National Cohort - more than weight and height]

PDF (Original Article) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader

Item Type:Article
Title:Anthropometrische Messungen in der NAKO Gesundheitsstudie - mehr als nur Größe und Gewicht [Anthropometric measures in the German National Cohort - more than weight and height]
Creators Name:Fischer, B. and Sedlmeier, A.M. and Hartwig, S. and Schlett, C.L. and Ahrens, W. and Bamberg, F. and Baurecht, H. and Becher, H. and Berger, K. and Binder, H. and Bohn, B. and Carr, P.R. and Castell, S. and Franzke, C.W. and Fricke, J. and Gastell, S. and Greiser, K.H. and Günther, K. and Jaeschke, L. and Kaaks, R. and Kemmling, Y. and Krist, L. and Kuß, O. and Legath, N. and Lieb, W. and Linseisen, J. and Löffler, M. and Michels, K.B. and Mikolajczyk, R. and Niedermaier, T. and Norman, K. and Obi, N. and Peters, A. and Pischon, T. and Schikowski, T. and Schipf, S. and Schmidt, B. and Schulze, M.B. and Stang, A. and Stojicic, J. and Tiller, D. and Völzke, H. and Waniek, S. and Leitzmann, M.F.
Abstract:High levels of adiposity in the population have a major impact on various diseases, but previous epidemiologic studies have largely been restricted to simple anthropometric measures such as the body mass index (BMI), an imperfect predictor of disease risk. There is a critical need for the use of improved measures of relative weight and body composition in large-scale, population-based research.The current article presents initial descriptive results of body composition and fat distribution based on the midterm baseline dataset of the German National Cohort, which included 101,817 participants who were examined in 18 study centers in Germany between March 2014 and March 2017. The anthropometric measures encompassed body weight, height, waist and hip circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), sonography of abdominal adipose tissue, 3D-body scanning, and magnetic resonance imaging.BMI analyses showed that 46.2% of men and 29.7% of women were overweight and 23.5% of men and 21.2% of women were obese. On average, women in almost all age groups demonstrated more subcutaneous adipose tissue layer thickness than men. The mean values of visceral adipose tissue layer thickness, on the other hand, were higher among men than among women in all age groups and increased continuously across age groups in both sexes.The comprehensive assessment of body composition and fat distribution provides novel future opportunities for detailed epidemiologic analyses of overweight and adiposity in relation to the development of chronic diseases.
Keywords:Anthropometry, Sonography of Abdominal Fat Compartments, 3D Body Scanning, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Population-Based Cohort
Source:Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Page Range:290-300
Date:March 2020
Additional Information:Copyright © Der/die Autor(en) 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-020-03096-w
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

Open Access
MDC Library