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Impaired endothelium-mediated cerebrovascular reactivity promotes anxiety and respiration disorders in mice

Item Type:Article
Title:Impaired endothelium-mediated cerebrovascular reactivity promotes anxiety and respiration disorders in mice
Creators Name:Wenzel, J. and Hansen, C.E. and Bettoni, C. and Vogt, M.A. and Lembrich, B. and Natsagdorj, R. and Huber, G. and Brands, J. and Schmidt, K. and Assmann, J.C. and Stölting, I. and Saar, K. and Sedlacik, J. and Fiehler, J. and Ludewig, P. and Wegmann, M. and Feller, N. and Richter, M. and Müller-Fielitz, H. and Walther, T. and König, G.M. and Kostenis, E. and Raasch, W. and Hübner, N. and Gass, P. and Offermanns, S. and de Wit, C. and Wagner, C.A. and Schwaninger, M.
Abstract:Carbon dioxide (CO(2)), the major product of metabolism, has a strong impact on cerebral blood vessels, a phenomenon known as cerebrovascular reactivity. Several vascular risk factors such as hypertension or diabetes dampen this response, making cerebrovascular reactivity a useful diagnostic marker for incipient vascular pathology, but its functional relevance, if any, is still unclear. Here, we found that GPR4, an endothelial H(+) receptor, and endothelial Gα(q/11) proteins mediate the CO(2)/H(+) effect on cerebrovascular reactivity in mice. CO(2)/H(+) leads to constriction of vessels in the brainstem area that controls respiration. The consequential washout of CO(2), if cerebrovascular reactivity is impaired, reduces respiration. In contrast, CO(2) dilates vessels in other brain areas such as the amygdala. Hence, an impaired cerebrovascular reactivity amplifies the CO(2) effect on anxiety. Even at atmospheric CO(2) concentrations, impaired cerebrovascular reactivity caused longer apneic episodes and more anxiety, indicating that cerebrovascular reactivity is essential for normal brain function. The site-specific reactivity of vessels to CO(2) is reflected by regional differences in their gene expression and the release of vasoactive factors from endothelial cells. Our data suggest the central nervous system (CNS) endothelium as a target to treat respiratory and affective disorders associated with vascular diseases.
Keywords:Endothelial Dysfunction, Brain Endothelial Cells, Hypercapnia, Respiration, Anxiety, Animals, Mice
Source:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
Page Range:1753-1761
Date:21 January 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1907467117
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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