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Adiponectin release and insulin receptor targeting share trans-Golgi-dependent endosomal trafficking routes

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Item Type:Article
Title:Adiponectin release and insulin receptor targeting share trans-Golgi-dependent endosomal trafficking routes
Creators Name:Rödiger, M. and Werno, M.W. and Wilhelmi, I. and Baumeier, C. and Hesse, D. and Wettschureck, N. and Offermanns, S. and Song, K. and Krauß, M. and Schürmann, A.
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Intracellular vesicle trafficking maintains cellular structures and functions. The assembly of cargo-laden vesicles at the trans-Golgi network is initiated by the ARF family of small GTPases. Here, we demonstrate the role of the trans-Golgi localized monomeric GTPase ARFRP1 in endosomal-mediated vesicle trafficking of mature adipocytes. METHODS: Control (Arfrp1(flox/flox)) and inducible fat-specific Arfrp1 knockout (Arfrp1(iAT-/-)) mice were metabolically characterized. In vitro experiments on mature 3T3-L1 cells and primary mouse adipocytes were conducted to validate the impact of ARFRP1 on localization of adiponectin and the insulin receptor. Finally, secretion and transferrin-based uptake and recycling assays were performed with HeLa and HeLa M-C1 cells. RESULTS: We identified the ARFRP1-based sorting machinery to be involved in vesicle trafficking relying on the endosomal compartment for cell surface delivery. Secretion of adiponectin from fat depots was selectively reduced in Arfrp1(iAT-/-) mice, and Arfrp1-depleted 3T3-L1 adipocytes revealed an accumulation of adiponectin in Rab11-positive endosomes. Plasma adiponectin deficiency of Arfrp1(iAT-/-) mice resulted in deteriorated hepatic insulin sensitivity, increased gluconeogenesis and elevated fasting blood glucose levels. Additionally, the insulin receptor, undergoing endocytic recycling after ligand binding, was less abundant at the plasma membrane of adipocytes lacking Arfrp1. This had detrimental effects on adipose insulin signaling, followed by insufficient suppression of basal lipolytic activity and impaired adipose tissue expansion. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that adiponectin secretion and insulin receptor surface targeting utilize the same post-Golgi trafficking pathways that are essential for an appropriate systemic insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis.
Keywords:Adiponectin, ARFRP1, Exocytosis, Insulin Receptor, trans-Golgi, Animals, Mice
Source:Molecular Metabolism
Page Range:167-179
Date:February 2018
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2017.11.011
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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