Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


Direct lineage reprogramming: harnessing cell plasticity between liver and pancreas

Item Type:Article
Title:Direct lineage reprogramming: harnessing cell plasticity between liver and pancreas
Creators Name:Ruzittu, S. and Willnow, D. and Spagnoli, F.M.
Abstract:Direct lineage reprogramming of abundant and accessible cells into therapeutically useful cell types holds tremendous potential in regenerative medicine. To date, a number of different cell types have been generated by lineage reprogramming methods, including cells from the neural, cardiac, hepatic, and pancreatic lineages. The success of this strategy relies on developmental biology and the knowledge of cell-fate-defining transcriptional networks. Hepatocytes represent a prime target for β cell conversion for numerous reasons, including close developmental origin, accessibility, and regenerative potential. We present here an overview of pancreatic and hepatic development, with a particular focus on the mechanisms underlying the divergence between the two cell lineages. Additionally, we discuss to what extent this lineage relationship can be exploited in efforts to reprogram one cell type into the other and whether such an approach may provide a suitable strategy for regenerative therapies of diabetes.
Keywords:Cell Differentiation, Cell Lineage, Cell Plasticity, Cellular Reprogramming, Diabetes Mellitus, Hepatocytes, Insulin-Secreting Cells, Ligands, Liver, Pancreas, Regeneration, Transcription Factors / metabolism, Animals, Mice
Source:Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Page Range:a035626
Date:July 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/cshperspect.a035626
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library