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Atp6ap2 deletion causes extensive vacuolation that consumes the insulin content of pancreatic β cells

Item Type:Article
Title:Atp6ap2 deletion causes extensive vacuolation that consumes the insulin content of pancreatic β cells
Creators Name:Binger, K.J. and Neukam, M. and Tattikota, S.G. and Qadri, F. and Puchkov, D. and Willmes, D.M. and Wurmsee, S. and Geisberger, S. and Dechend, R. and Raile, K. and Kurth, T. and Nguyen, G. and Poy, M.N. and Solimena, M. and Muller, D.N. and Birkenfeld, A.L.
Abstract:Pancreatic β cells store insulin within secretory granules which undergo exocytosis upon elevation of blood glucose levels. Crinophagy and autophagy are instead responsible to deliver damaged or old granules to acidic lysosomes for intracellular degradation. However, excessive consumption of insulin granules can impair β cell function and cause diabetes. Atp6ap2 is an essential accessory component of the vacuolar ATPase required for lysosomal degradative functions and autophagy. Here, we show that Cre recombinase-mediated conditional deletion of Atp6ap2 in mouse β cells causes a dramatic accumulation of large, multigranular vacuoles in the cytoplasm, with reduction of insulin content and compromised glucose homeostasis. Loss of insulin stores and gigantic vacuoles were also observed in cultured insulinoma INS-1 cells upon CRISPR/Cas9-mediated removal of Atp6ap2. Remarkably, these phenotypic alterations could not be attributed to a deficiency in autophagy or acidification of lysosomes. Together, these data indicate that Atp6ap2 is critical for regulating the stored insulin pool and that a balanced regulation of granule turnover is key to maintaining β cell function and diabetes prevention.
Keywords:Autophagy, (Pro)renin Receptor, Diabetes, Vacuolar H(+) ATPase, Animals, Mice, Rats
Source:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
Page Range:19983-19988
Date:1 October 2019
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1903678116
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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