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B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 10 and angiotensin II-induced kidney injury

Item Type:Article
Title:B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 10 and angiotensin II-induced kidney injury
Creators Name:Markó, L. and Park, J.K. and Henke, N. and Rong, S. and Balogh, A. and Klamer, S. and Bartolomaeus, H. and Wilck, N. and Ruland, J. and Forslund, S.K. and Luft, F.C. and Dechend, R. and Müller, D.N.
Abstract:AIMS: B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 10 (Bcl10) is a member of the CARMA-Bcl10-MALT1 signalosome, linking angiotensin (Ang) II and antigen-dependent immune-cell activation to nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling. We showed earlier that Bcl10 plays a role in Ang II-induced cardiac fibrosis and remodeling, independent of blood pressure. We now investigated the role of Bcl10 in Ang II-induced renal damage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Bcl10 knockout mice (Bcl10 KO) and wild-type (WT) controls were given 1% NaCl in the drinking water and Ang II (1.44 mg/kg/d) for 14 days. Additionally, Bcl10 KO or WT kidneys were transplanted onto WT mice that were challenged by the same protocol for 7 days. Kidneys of Ang II-treated Bcl10 KO mice developed less fibrosis and showed fewer infiltrating cells. Nevertheless, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (Ngal) and kidney injury molecule (Kim)1 expression was higher in the kidneys of Ang II-treated Bcl10 KO mice, indicating exacerbated tubular damage. Furthermore, albuminuria was significantly higher in Ang II-treated Bcl10 KO mice accompanied by reduced glomerular nephrin expression and podocyte number. Ang II-treated WT mice transplanted with Bcl10 KO kidney showed more albuminuria and renal Ngal, compared to WT->WT kidney transplanted mice, as well as lower podocyte number but similar fibrosis and cell infiltration. Interestingly, mice lacking Bcl10 in the kidney exhibited less Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy than controls. CONCLUSIONS: Bcl10 has multi-faceted actions in Ang II-induced renal damage. On the one hand, global Bcl10 deficiency ameliorates renal fibrosis and cell infiltration; on the other hand, lack of renal Bcl10 aggravates albuminuria and podocyte damage. These data suggest that Bcl10 maintains podocyte integrity and renal function. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVES: The CARMA-Bcl10-MALT1 signalosome plays a pivotal role in several cell types regulating different (patho)physiological processes. For example, it links Ang II and NF-κB signaling pathways. The molecular mechanism of albuminuria upon Ang II-induced hypertension is not fully understood. Podocytes are a direct target of Ang II. We provide data that the lack of Bcl10 protects the kidney and the heart from Ang II-induced fibrosis and immune cell infiltration. Nevertheless, it aggravates albuminuria and podocyte damage independently from blood pressure. Therefore, a cell type-specific interpretation of major signaling pathway helps to better understand the pathogenesis of target organ damage.
Keywords:Angiotensin II, Bcl10, Kidney, Podocyte, Albuminuria, Animals, Mice
Source:Cardiovascular Research
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Page Range:1059-1070
Date:1 April 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvz169
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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