Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


The role of 17β-estradiol and estrogen receptors in regulation of Ca(2+) channels and mitochondrial function in cardiomyocytes

PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader

Item Type:Review
Title:The role of 17β-estradiol and estrogen receptors in regulation of Ca(2+) channels and mitochondrial function in cardiomyocytes
Creators Name:Mahmoodzadeh, S. and Dworatzek, E.
Abstract:Numerous epidemiological, clinical, and animal studies showed that cardiac function and manifestation of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are different between males and females. The underlying reasons for these sex differences are definitely multifactorial, but major evidence points to a causal role of the sex steroid hormone 17β-estradiol (E2) and its receptors (ER) in the physiology and pathophysiology of the heart. Interestingly, it has been shown that cardiac calcium (Ca(2+)) ion channels and mitochondrial function are regulated in a sex-specific manner. Accurate mitochondrial function and Ca(2+) signaling are of utmost importance for adequate heart function and crucial to maintaining the cardiovascular health. Due to the highly sensitive nature of these processes in the heart, this review article highlights the current knowledge regarding sex dimorphisms in the heart implicating the importance of E2 and ERs in the regulation of cardiac mitochondrial function and Ca(2+) ion channels, thus the contractility. In particular, we provide an overview of in-vitro and in-vivo studies using either E2 deficiency; ER deficiency or selective ER activation, which suggest that E2 and ERs are strongly involved in these processes. In this context, this review also discusses the divergent E2-responses resulting from the activation of different ER subtypes in these processes. Detailed understanding of the E2 and ER-mediated molecular and cellular mechanisms in the heart under physiological and pathological conditions may help to design more specifically targeted drugs for the management of CVDs in men and women.
Keywords:Estrogen, Estrogen Receptor, G-Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor, Cardiomyocytes, Sex Difference, Cardiac Mitochondrial Function, Cardiac Ca(2+) Ion Channel, Animals, Mice, Rats, Rabbits
Source:Frontiers in Endocrinology
Publisher:Frontiers Media SA
Page Range:310
Date:May 2019
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00310
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

Open Access
MDC Library