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Community-level responses to iron availability in open ocean plankton ecosystems

Item Type:Article
Title:Community-level responses to iron availability in open ocean plankton ecosystems
Creators Name:Caputi, L. and Carradec, Q. and Eveillard, D. and Kirilovsky, A. and Pelletier, E. and Pierella Karlusich, J.J. and Rocha Jimenez Vieira, F. and Villar, E. and Chaffron, S. and Malviya, S. and Scalco, E. and Acinas, S.G. and Alberti, A. and Aury, J.M. and Benoiston, A.S. and Bertrand, A. and Biard, T. and Bittner, L. and Boccara, M. and Brum, J.R. and Brunet, C. and Busseni, G. and Carratalà, A. and Claustre, H. and Coelho, L.P. and Colin, S. and D'Aniello, S. and Da Silva, C. and Del Core, M. and Doré, H. and Gasparini, S. and Kokoszka, F. and Jamet, J.L. and Lejeusne, C. and Lepoivre, C. and Lescot, M. and Lima‐Mendez, G. and Lombard, F. and Lukeš, J. and Maillet, N. and Madoui, M.A. and Martinez, E. and Mazzocchi, M.G. and Néou, M.B. and Paz‐Yepes, J. and Poulain, J. and Ramondenc, S. and Romagnan, J.B. and Roux, S. and Salvagio Manta, D. and Sanges, R. and Speich, S. and Sprovieri, M. and Sunagawa, S. and Taillandier, V. and Tanaka, A. and Tirichine, L. and Trottier, C. and Uitz, J. and Veluchamy, A. and Veselá, J. and Vincent, F. and Yau, S. and Kandels‐Lewis, S. and Searson, S. and Dimier, C. and Picheral, M. and Bork, P. and Boss, E. and Vargas, C. and Follows, M.J. and Grimsley, N. and Guidi, L. and Hingamp, P. and Karsenti, E. and Sordino, P. and Stemmann, L. and Sullivan, M.B. and Tagliabue, A. and Zingone, A. and Garczarek, L. and d'Ortenzio, F. and Testor, P. and Not, F. and Ribera d'Alcalà, M. and Wincker, P. and Bowler, C. and Iudicone, D.
Abstract:Predicting responses of plankton to variations in essential nutrients is hampered by limited in situ measurements, a poor understanding of community composition, and the lack of reference gene catalogs for key taxa. Iron is a key driver of plankton dynamics and, therefore, of global biogeochemical cycles and climate. To assess the impact of iron availability on plankton communities, we explored the comprehensive bio-oceanographic and bio-omics data sets from Tara Oceans in the context of the iron products from two state-of-the-art global scale biogeochemical models. We obtained novel information about adaptation and acclimation toward iron in a range of phytoplankton, including picocyanobacteria and diatoms, and identified whole subcommunities covarying with iron. Many of the observed global patterns were recapitulated in the Marquesas archipelago, where frequent plankton blooms are believed to be caused by natural iron fertilization, although they are not captured in large-scale biogeochemical models. This work provides a proof of concept that integrative analyses, spanning from genes to ecosystems and viruses to zooplankton, can disentangle the complexity of plankton communities and can lead to more accurate formulations of resource bioavailability in biogeochemical models, thus improving our understanding of plankton resilience in a changing environment.
Keywords:Iron Response, System Biology, Meta-Omics, Species Networks
Source:Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Publisher:American Geophysical Union
Page Range:391-419
Date:March 2019
Additional Information:Peer Bork is a Tara Oceans Coordinator.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GB006022

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