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A quantitative modular modeling approach reveals the consequences of different A20 feedback implementations for the NF-κB signaling dynamics

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Item Type:Preprint
Title:A quantitative modular modeling approach reveals the consequences of different A20 feedback implementations for the NF-κB signaling dynamics
Creators Name:Mothes, J. and Ipenberg, I. and Arslan, S.Ç. and Benary, U. and Scheidereit, C. and Wolf, J.
Abstract:Signaling pathways involve complex molecular interactions and are controlled by non-linear regulatory mechanisms. If details of regulatory mechanisms are not fully elucidated, they can be implemented by different, equally reasonable mathematical representations in computational models. The study presented here focusses on NF-κB signaling, which is regulated by negative feedbacks via IκBα and A20. A20 inhibits NF-κB activation indirectly through interference with proteins that transduce the signal from the TNF receptor complex to activate the IκB kinase (IKK) complex. We focus on the question how different implementations of the A20 feedback impact the dynamics of NF-κB. To this end, we develop a modular modeling approach that allows combining previously published A20 modules with a common pathway core module. The resulting models are based on a comprehensive experimental data set and therefore show quantitatively comparable NF-κB dynamics. Based on defined measures for the initial and long-term behavior we analyze the effects of a wide range of changes in the A20 feedback strength, the IκBα feedback strength and the TNFα stimulation strength on NF-κB dynamics. This shows similarities between the models but also model-specific differences. In particular, the A20 feedback strength and the TNFα stimulation strength affect initial and long-term NF-κB concentrations differently in the analyzed models. We validated our model predictions experimentally by varying TNFα concentrations applied to HeLa cells. These time course data indicate that only one of the A20 feedback models appropriately describes the impact of A20 on the NF-κB dynamics.
Keywords:Quantitative Modelling, Modular Modelling, Feedback, Regulation, NF-κB Signalling, A20, IKK Regulation, Response Time, Signalling Dynamics
Source:bioRxiv
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press (U.S.A)
Article Number:582767
Date:19 March 2019
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/582767

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