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Metagenomic analysis of colorectal cancer datasets identifies cross-cohort microbial diagnostic signatures and a link with choline degradation

Item Type:Article
Title:Metagenomic analysis of colorectal cancer datasets identifies cross-cohort microbial diagnostic signatures and a link with choline degradation
Creators Name:Thomas, A.M. and Manghi, P. and Asnicar, F. and Pasolli, E. and Armanini, F. and Zolfo, M. and Beghini, F. and Manara, S. and Karcher, N. and Pozzi, C. and Gandini, S. and Serrano, D. and Tarallo, S. and Francavilla, A. and Gallo, G. and Trompetto, M. and Ferrero, G. and Mizutani, S. and Shiroma, H. and Shiba, S. and Shibata, T. and Yachida, S. and Yamada, T. and Wirbel, J. and Schrotz-King, P. and Ulrich, C.M. and Brenner, H. and Arumugam, M. and Bork, P. and Zeller, G. and Cordero, F. and Dias-Neto, E. and Setubal, J.C. and Tett, A. and Pardini, B. and Rescigno, M. and Waldron, L. and Naccarati, A. and Segata, N.
Abstract:Several studies have investigated links between the gut microbiome and colorectal cancer (CRC), but questions remain about the replicability of biomarkers across cohorts and populations. We performed a meta-analysis of five publicly available datasets and two new cohorts and validated the findings on two additional cohorts, considering in total 969 fecal metagenomes. Unlike microbiome shifts associated with gastrointestinal syndromes, the gut microbiome in CRC showed reproducibly higher richness than controls (P < 0.01), partially due to expansions of species typically derived from the oral cavity. Meta-analysis of the microbiome functional potential identified gluconeogenesis and the putrefaction and fermentation pathways as being associated with CRC, whereas the stachyose and starch degradation pathways were associated with controls. Predictive microbiome signatures for CRC trained on multiple datasets showed consistently high accuracy in datasets not considered for model training and independent validation cohorts (average area under the curve, 0.84). Pooled analysis of raw metagenomes showed that the choline trimethylamine-lyase gene was overabundant in CRC (P = 0.001), identifying a relationship between microbiome choline metabolism and CRC. The combined analysis of heterogeneous CRC cohorts thus identified reproducible microbiome biomarkers and accurate disease-predictive models that can form the basis for clinical prognostic tests and hypothesis-driven mechanistic studies.
Keywords:Choline, Cohort Studies, Colorectal Neoplasms, Gastrointestinal Microbiome, Genetic Databases, Tumor Biomarkers, Lyases, Metagenomics, Species Specificity
Source:Nature Medicine
ISSN:1078-8956
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.S.A.)
Volume:25
Number:4
Page Range:667-678
Date:April 2019
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-019-0405-7
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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