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Targeting wild-type KRAS-amplified gastroesophageal cancer through combined MEK and SHP2 inhibition

Item Type:Article
Title:Targeting wild-type KRAS-amplified gastroesophageal cancer through combined MEK and SHP2 inhibition
Creators Name:Wong, G.S. and Zhou, J. and Liu, J.B. and Wu, Z. and Xu, X. and Li, T. and Xu, D. and Schumacher, S.E. and Puschhof, J. and McFarland, J. and Zou, C. and Dulak, A. and Henderson, L. and Xu, P. and O'Day, E. and Rendak, R. and Liao, W.L. and Cecchi, F. and Hembrough, T. and Schwartz, S. and Szeto, C. and Rustgi, A.K. and Wong, K.K. and Diehl, J.A. and Jensen, K. and Graziano, F. and Ruzzo, A. and Fereshetian, S. and Mertins, P. and Carr, S.A. and Beroukhim, R. and Nakamura, K. and Oki, E. and Watanabe, M. and Baba, H. and Imamura, Y. and Catenacci, D. and Bass, A.J.
Abstract:The role of KRAS, when activated through canonical mutations, has been well established in cancer. Here we explore a secondary means of KRAS activation in cancer: focal high-level amplification of the KRAS gene in the absence of coding mutations. These amplifications occur most commonly in esophageal, gastric and ovarian adenocarcinomas. KRAS-amplified gastric cancer models show marked overexpression of the KRAS protein and are insensitive to MAPK blockade owing to their capacity to adaptively respond by rapidly increasing KRAS-GTP levels. Here we demonstrate that inhibition of the guanine-exchange factors SOS1 and SOS2 or the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 can attenuate this adaptive process and that targeting these factors, both genetically and pharmacologically, can enhance the sensitivity of KRAS-amplified models to MEK inhibition in both in vitro and in vivo settings. These data demonstrate the relevance of copy-number amplification as a mechanism of KRAS activation, and uncover the therapeutic potential for targeting of these tumors through combined SHP2 and MEK inhibition.
Source:Nature Medicine
ISSN:1078-8956
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.S.A.)
Volume:24
Number:7
Page Range:968-977
Date:July 2018
Additional Information:Erratum in: Nat Med 24(10), 1625-1628.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-018-0022-x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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