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Physical activity, mediating factors and risk of colon cancer: insights into adiposity and circulating biomarkers from the EPIC cohort

Item Type:Article
Title:Physical activity, mediating factors and risk of colon cancer: insights into adiposity and circulating biomarkers from the EPIC cohort
Creators Name:Aleksandrova, K. and Jenab, M. and Leitzmann, M. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, B. and Kaaks, R. and Trichopoulou, A. and Bamia, C. and Lagiou, P. and Rinaldi, S. and Freisling, H. and Carayol, M. and Pischon, T. and Drogan, D. and Weiderpass, E. and Jakszyn, P. and Overvad, K. and Dahm, C.C. and Tjønneland, A. and Bouton-Ruault, M.C. and Kühn, T. and Peppa, E. and Valanou, E. and La Vecchia, C. and Palli, D. and Panico, S. and Sacerdote, C. and Agnoli, C. and Tumino, R. and May, A. and van Vulpen, J. and Benjaminsen Borch, K. and Oluwafemi Oyeyemi, S. and Quirós, J.R. and Bonet, C. and Sánchez, M.J. and Dorronsoro, M. and Navarro, C. and Barricarte, A. and van Guelpen, B. and Wennberg, P. and Key, T.J. and Khaw, K.T. and Wareham, N. and Assi, N. and Ward, H.A. and Aune, D. and Riboli, E. and Boeing, H.
Abstract:Background: There is convincing evidence that high physical activity lowers the risk of colon cancer; however, the underlying biological mechanisms remain largely unknown. We aimed to determine the extent to which body fatness and biomarkers of various biologically plausible pathways account for the association between physical activity and colon cancer. Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study in a cohort of 519 978 men and women aged 25 to 70 years followed from 1992 to 2003. A total of 713 incident colon cancer cases were matched, using risk-set sampling, to 713 controls on age, sex, study centre, fasting status and hormonal therapy use. The amount of total physical activity during the past year was expressed in metabolic equivalent of task [MET]-h/week. Anthropometric measurements and blood samples were collected at study baseline. Results: High physical activity was associated with a lower risk of colon cancer: relative risk ≥ 1 MET-h/week vs <91 MET-h/week = 0.75 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.57 to 0.96]. In mediation analyses, this association was accounted for by waist circumference: proportion explained effect (PEE) = 17%; CI: 4% to 52%; and the biomarkers soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R): PEE = 15%; 95% CI: 1% to 50% and 5-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D): PEE = 30%; 95% CI: 12% to 88%. In combination, these factors explained 45% (95% CI: 20% to 125%) of the association. Beyond waist circumference, sOB-R and 25[OH]D additionally explained 10% (95% CI: 1%; 56%) and 23% (95% CI: 6%; 111%) of the association, respectively. Conclusions: Promoting physical activity, particularly outdoors, and maintaining metabolic health and adequate vitamin D levels could represent a promising strategy for colon cancer prevention.
Keywords:Physical Activity, Colon Cancer, Mediating Factors, Adiposity, Biomarkers
Source:International Journal of Epidemiology
ISSN:0300-5771
Publisher:Oxford University Press (U.K.)
Volume:46
Number:6
Page Range:1823-1835
Date:1 December 2017
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx174
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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