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Loss of host-derived osteopontin creates a glioblastoma-promoting microenvironment

Item Type:Article
Title:Loss of host-derived osteopontin creates a glioblastoma-promoting microenvironment
Creators Name:Szulzewsky, F. and Schwendinger, N. and Güneykaya, D. and Cimino, P.J. and Hambardzumyan, D. and Synowitz, M. and Holland, E.C. and Kettenmann, H.
Abstract:Background: Microglia and periphery-derived monocytes infiltrate human and mouse glioblastoma and their density is positively correlated with malignancy. Using microarray and RNA sequencing we have previously shown that glioblastoma-associated microglia/monocytes (GAMs) express osteopontin/SPP1. Methods: We used qRT-PCR, immunofluorescence stainings, western-blot, and flow-cytometry to identify the various sources of osteopontin (OPN) expression in human and mouse glioblastoma. We implanted wild type GL261 glioblastoma cells, which do not express significant levels of OPN, into wild-type and OPN(-/-) mice to investigate the role of microenvironment-derived OPN on glioblastoma progression. Results: Our data indicates that GAMs are the predominant source of OPN in both human and mouse glioblastoma and only express the secreted form of OPN. Loss of microenvironment-derived OPN enhanced tumor progression. Ki67 and TUNEL staining showed no difference in overall cell proliferation but a decreased apoptosis rate in tumors in OPN(-/-) mice. CD31 staining showed a significantly decreased number of microvessels in tumors in OPN(-/-) mice, accompanied by reduced coverage of vessels with PDGFRβ-positive pericytes. Flow cytometry analysis revealed a significant increase of CD11b(+)/CD45(low) microglia but not of CD11b(+)/CD45(high) macrophages/monocytes in tumors in OPN(-/-) mice. Sorted CD11b(+) cells from wild type and OPN(-/-) naïve brains and tumors did not show a significant difference in the expression pattern of activation marker genes. Conclusion: Our results show that in tested human and mouse glioblastoma OPN is predominantly expressed and secreted by GAMs and that, in contrast to OPN expression in the tumor cells per se, loss of stroma-derived OPN creates a glioblastoma-promoting microenvironment.
Keywords:Microglia, Macrophage, Glioblastoma, Osteopontin, SPP1, Animals, Mice
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Page Range:355-366
Date:19 February 2018
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/nox165
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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