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Neuronal inhibition of the autophagy nucleation complex extends life span in post-reproductive C. elegans

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Item Type:Article
Title:Neuronal inhibition of the autophagy nucleation complex extends life span in post-reproductive C. elegans
Creators Name:Wilhelm, T. and Byrne, J. and Medina, R. and Kolundžić, E. and Geisinger, J. and Hajduskova, M. and Tursun, B. and Richly, H.
Abstract:Autophagy is a ubiquitous catabolic process that causes cellular bulk degradation of cytoplasmic components and is generally associated with positive effects on health and longevity. Inactivation of autophagy has been linked with detrimental effects on cells and organisms. The antagonistic pleiotropy theory postulates that some fitness-promoting genes during youth are harmful during aging. On this basis, we examined genes mediating post-reproductive longevity using an RNAi screen. From this screen, we identified 30 novel regulators of post-reproductive longevity, including pha-4 Through downstream analysis of pha-4, we identified that the inactivation of genes governing the early stages of autophagy up until the stage of vesicle nucleation, such as bec-1, strongly extend both life span and health span. Furthermore, our data demonstrate that the improvements in health and longevity are mediated through the neurons, resulting in reduced neurodegeneration and sarcopenia. We propose that autophagy switches from advantageous to harmful in the context of an age-associated dysfunction.
Keywords:Antagonistic Pleiotropy, BEC-1, Autophagy, Aging, Neurodegeneration, Animals, C. elegans
Source:Genes & Development
ISSN:0890-9369
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press (U.S.A.)
Volume:31
Number:15
Page Range:1561-1572
Date:1 August 2017
Additional Information:Copyright © 2017 Wilhelm et al.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.301648.117
External Fulltext:View full text on PubMed Central
PubMed:View item in PubMed
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https://edoc.mdc-berlin.de/16902/Preprint version

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