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Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome fibroblasts and iPSCs: cellular models for uncovering disease-associated signaling pathways and establishing a screening platform for anti-oxidants.

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Item Type:Article
Title:Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome fibroblasts and iPSCs: cellular models for uncovering disease-associated signaling pathways and establishing a screening platform for anti-oxidants.
Creators Name:Mlody, B. and Wruck, W. and Martins, S. and Sperling, K. and Adjaye, J.
Abstract:Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome (NBS) is associated with cancer predisposition, premature aging, immune deficiency, microcephaly and is caused by mutations in the gene coding for NIBRIN (NBN) which is involved in DNA damage repair. Dermal-derived fibroblasts from NBS patients were reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in order to bypass premature senescence. The influence of antioxidants on intracellular levels of ROS and DNA damage were screened and it was found that EDHB-an activator of the hypoxia pathway, decreased DNA damage in the presence of high oxidative stress. Furthermore, NBS fibroblasts but not NBS-iPSCs were found to be more susceptible to the induction of DNA damage than their healthy counterparts. Global transcriptome analysis comparing NBS to healthy fibroblasts and NBS-iPSCs to embryonic stem cells revealed regulation of P53 in NBS fibroblasts and NBS-iPSCs. Cell cycle related genes were down-regulated in NBS fibroblasts. Furthermore, oxidative phosphorylation was down-regulated and glycolysis up-regulated specifically in NBS-iPSCs compared to embryonic stem cells. Our study demonstrates the utility of NBS-iPSCs as a screening platform for anti-oxidants capable of suppressing DNA damage and a cellular model for studying NBN de-regulation in cancer and microcephaly.
Keywords:Antioxidants, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cellular Reprogramming, Dermis, DNA Damage, Fibroblasts, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Glycolysis, High-Throughput Screening Assays, Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/, Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome, Oxidative Phosphorylation, Oxidative Stress, Primary Cell Culture, Reactive Oxygen Species, Signal Transduction, Transcriptome, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Source:Scientific Reports
ISSN:2045-2322
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.K.)
Volume:7
Number:1
Page Range:7516
Date:8 August 2017
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07905-2
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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