Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


Elevated glutaric acid levels in Dhtkd1-/Gcdh- double knockout mice challenge our current understanding of lysine metabolism

Item Type:Article
Title:Elevated glutaric acid levels in Dhtkd1-/Gcdh- double knockout mice challenge our current understanding of lysine metabolism
Creators Name:Biagosch, C. and Ediga, R.D. and Hensler, S.V. and Faerberboeck, M. and Kuehn, R. and Wurst, W. and Meitinger, T. and Kölker, S. and Sauer, S. and Prokisch, H.
Abstract:Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) is a rare organic aciduria caused by the autosomal recessive inherited deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH). GCDH deficiency leads to disruption of L-lysine degradation with characteristic accumulation of glutarylcarnitine and neurotoxic glutaric acid (GA), glutaryl-CoA, 3-hydroxyglutaric acid (3-OHGA). DHTKD1 acts upstream of GCDH, and its deficiency leads to none or often mild clinical phenotype in humans, 2-aminoadipic 2-oxoadipic aciduria. We hypothesized that inhibition of DHTKD1 may prevent the accumulation of neurotoxic dicarboxylic metabolites suggesting DHTKD1 inhibition as a possible treatment strategy for GA-I. In order to validate this hypothesis we took advantage of an existing GA-I (Gcdh(-/-)) mouse model and established a Dhtkd1 deficient mouse model. Both models reproduced the biochemical and clinical phenotype observed in patients. Under challenging conditions of a high lysine diet, only Gcdh(-/-) mice but not Dhtkd1(-/-) mice developed clinical symptoms such as lethargic behaviour and weight loss. However, the genetic Dhtkd1 inhibition in Dhtkd1(-/-)/Gcdh(-/-) mice could not rescue the GA-I phenotype. Biochemical results confirm this finding with double knockout mice showing similar metabolite accumulations as Gcdh(-/-) mice with high GA in brain and liver. This suggests that DHTKD1 inhibition alone is not sufficient to treat GA-I, but instead a more complex strategy is needed. Our data highlights the many unresolved questions within the L-lysine degradation pathway and provides evidence for a so far unknown mechanism leading to glutaryl-CoA.
Keywords:Glutaric Aciduria Type I, 2-Aminoadipic 2-Oxoadipic Aciduria, L-Lysine, GCDH, DHTKD1, Glutaric Acid, Animals, Mice
Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Page Range:2220-2228
Date:September 2017
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2017.05.018
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library