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3 Tesla (23)Na magnetic resonance imaging during acute kidney injury

Item Type:Article
Title:3 Tesla (23)Na magnetic resonance imaging during acute kidney injury
Creators Name:Hammon, M. and Grossmann, S. and Linz, P. and Seuss, H. and Hammon, R. and Rosenhauer, D. and Janka, R. and Cavallaro, A. and Luft, F.C. and Titze, J. and Uder, M. and Dahlmann, A.
Abstract:RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Sodium and proton magnetic resonance imaging ((23)Na/(1)H-MRI) have shown that muscle and skin can store Na(+) without water. In chronic renal failure and in heart failure, Na(+) mobilization occurs, but is variable depending on age, dialysis vintage, and other features. Na(+) storage depots have not been studied in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 7 patients with AKI (mean age: 51.7 years; range: 25-84) and 14 age-matched and gender-matched healthy controls. All underwent (23)Na/(1)H-MRI at the calf. Patients were studied before and after acute hemodialysis therapy within 5-6 days. The (23)Na-MRI produced grayscale images containing Na(+) phantoms, which served to quantify Na(+) contents. A fat-suppressed inversion recovery sequence was used to quantify H2O content. RESULTS: Plasma Na(+) levels did not change. Mean Na(+) contents in muscle and skin did not significantly change following four to five cycles of hemodialysis treatment (before therapy: 32.7 +/- 6.9 and 44.2 +/- 13.5 mmol/L, respectively; after dialysis: 31.7 +/-10.2 and 42.8+/- 11.8 mmol/L, respectively; P > .05). Water content measurements did not differ significantly before and after hemodialysis in muscle and skin (P > .05). Na(+) contents in calf muscle and skin of patients before hemodialysis were significantly higher than in healthy subjects (16.6+/-2.1 and 17.9+/-3.2) and remained significantly elevated after hemodialysis. CONCLUSIONS: Na(+) in muscle and skin accumulates in patients with AKI and, in contrast to patients receiving chronic hemodialysis and those with acute heart failure, is not mobilized with hemodialysis within 5-6 days.
Keywords:Sodium, Muscle, Skin, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Acute Renal Failure, Acute Renal Injury, Hemodialysis, Therapy Monitoring, 3 Tesla
Source:Academic Radiology
Page Range:1086-1093
Date:September 2017
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2017.03.012
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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