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Role of Müller cell cytochrome P450 2c44 in murine retinal angiogenesis

Item Type:Article
Title:Role of Müller cell cytochrome P450 2c44 in murine retinal angiogenesis
Creators Name:Hu, J. and Geyer, A. and Dziumbla, S. and Awwad, K. and Zeldin, D.C. and Schunck, W.H. and Popp, R. and Frömel, T. and Fleming, I.
Abstract:Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and their cytochrome P450 (CYP450) metabolites have been linked to angiogenesis and vessel homeostasis. However, the role of individual CYP isoforms and their endogenous metabolites in those processes are not clear. Here, we focused on the role of Cyp2c44 in postnatal retinal angiogenesis and report that Cyp2c44 is highly expressed in Müller glial cells in the retina. The constitutive as well as inducible postnatal genetic deletion of Cyp2c44 resulted in an increased vessel network density without affecting vessel radial expansion during the first postnatal week. This phenotype was associated with an increased endothelial cell proliferation and attenuated Notch signaling. LC-MS/MS analyses revealed that levels of hydroxydocosahexaenoic acids (HDHA), i.e., 10-, 17- and 20-HDHA were significantly elevated in retinas from 5day old Cyp2c44(-/-) mice compared to their wild-type littermates. Enzymatic activity assays revealed that HDHAs were potential substrates for Cyp2c44 which could account for the increased levels of HDHAs in retinas from Cyp2c44(-/-) mice. These data indicate that Cyp2c44 is expressed in the murine retina and, like the soluble epoxide hydrolase, is expressed in Müller glia cells. The enhanced endothelial cell proliferation and Notch inhibition seen in retinas from Cyp2c44-deficient mice indicate a role for Cyp2c44-derived lipid mediators in physiological angiogenesis.
Keywords:Docosahexenoic Acid, Lipid Mediators, Müller Glia Cells, Retinal Angiogenesis, Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase, Animals, Mice
Source:Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
Page Range:93-102
Date:November 2017
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2017.04.002
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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