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Regulated complex assembly safeguards the fidelity of Sleeping Beauty transposition

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Item Type:Article
Title:Regulated complex assembly safeguards the fidelity of Sleeping Beauty transposition
Creators Name:Wang, Y. and Pryputniewicz-Dobrinska, D. and Nagy, E.E. and Kaufman, C.D. and Singh, M. and Yant, S. and Wang, J. and Dalda, A. and Kay, M.A. and Ivics, Z. and Izsvak, Z.
Abstract:The functional relevance of the inverted repeat structure (IR/DR) in a subgroup of the Tc1/mariner superfamily of transposons has been enigmatic. In contrast to mariner transposition, where a topological filter suppresses single-ended reactions, the IR/DR orchestrates a regulatory mechanism to enforce synapsis of the transposon ends before cleavage by the transposase occurs. This ordered assembly process shepherds primary transposase binding to the inner 12DRs (where cleavage does not occur), followed by capture of the 12DR of the other transposon end. This extra layer of regulation suppresses aberrant, potentially genotoxic recombination activities, and the mobilization of internally deleted copies in the IR/DR subgroup, including Sleeping Beauty (SB). In contrast, internally deleted sequences (MITEs) are preferred substrates of mariner transposition, and this process is associated with the emergence of Hsmar1-derived miRNA genes in the human genome. Translating IR/DR regulation to in vitro evolution yielded an SB transposon version with optimized substrate recognition (pT4). The ends of SB transposons excised by a K248A excision(+)/integration(-) transposase variant are processed by hairpin resolution, representing a link between phylogenetically, and mechanistically different recombination reactions, such as V(D)J recombination and transposition. Such variants generated by random mutation might stabilize transposon-host interactions or prepare the transposon for a horizontal transfer.
Keywords:DNA End-Joining Repair, DNA Transposable Elements, DNA-Binding Proteins, HeLa Cells, Inverted Repeat Sequences, MicroRNAs, RNA-Binding Proteins, Recombinational DNA Repair, Transposases, Zebrafish Proteins, Animals, Zebrafish
Source:Nucleic Acids Research
ISSN:0305-1048
Publisher:Oxford University Press (U.K.)
Volume:45
Number:1
Page Range:311-326
Date:9 January 2017
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkw1164
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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