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Screening for MOG-IgG and 27 other anti-glial and anti-neuronal autoantibodies in 'pattern II multiple sclerosis' and brain biopsy findings in a MOG-IgG-positive case

Item Type:Article
Title:Screening for MOG-IgG and 27 other anti-glial and anti-neuronal autoantibodies in 'pattern II multiple sclerosis' and brain biopsy findings in a MOG-IgG-positive case
Creators Name:Jarius, S. and Metz, I. and König, F.B. and Ruprecht, K. and Reindl, M. and Paul, F. and Brück, W. and Wildemann, B.
Abstract:Background: Histopathological studies have revealed four different immunopathological patterns of lesion pathology in early multiple sclerosis (MS). Pattern II MS is characterised by immunoglobulin and complement deposition in addition to T-cell and macrophage infiltration and is more likely to respond to plasma exchange therapy, suggesting a contribution of autoantibodies. Objective: To assess the frequency of anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), anti-M1-aquaporin-4 (AQP4), anti-M23-AQP4, anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate-type glutamate receptors (NMDAR) and 25 other anti-neural antibodies in pattern II MS. Methods: Thirty-nine serum samples from patients with MS who had undergone brain biopsy (n = 24; including 13 from patients with pattern II MS) and from histopathologically non-classified MS patients (n = 15) were tested for anti-MOG, anti-M1-AQP4, anti-M23-AQP4, anti-NMDAR, anti-α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor-type glutamate receptors (AMPAR), anti-gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABABR), anti-leucine-rich, glioma-activated protein 1 (LGI1), anti-contactin-associated protein 2 (CASPR2), anti-dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein-6 (DPPX), anti-Tr/Delta/notch-like epidermal growth factor-related receptor (DNER), anti-Hu, anti-Yo, anti-Ri, anti-Ma1/Ma2, anti-CV2/collapsin response mediator protein 5 (CRMP5), anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), anti-amphiphysin, anti-Ca/RhoGTPase-activating protein 26 (ARHGAP26), anti-Sj/inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 1 (ITPR1), anti-Homer3, anti-carbonic anhydrase-related protein (CARPVIII), anti-protein kinase gamma (PKCgamma), anti-glutamate receptor delta 2 (GluRdelta2), anti-metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1) and anti-mGluR5, as well as for anti-glial nuclei antibodies (AGNA) and Purkinje cell antibody 2 (PCA2). Results: Antibodies to MOG belonging to the complement-activating immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) subclass were detected in a patient with pattern II MS. Detailed brain biopsy findings are shown. Conclusion: This is the largest study on established anti-neural antibodies performed in MS so far. MOG-IgG may play a role in a small percentage of patients diagnosed with pattern II MS.
Keywords:Multiple Sclerosis, Biopsy, Histopathology, Neuropathology, Pattern II, Autoantibodies, Complement, Aquaporin-4, Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Type Glutamate Receptors, {alpha}-Amino-3-Hydroxy-5-Methyl-4-Isoxazolepropionic Acid Receptor-Type Glutamate Receptors, Metabotropic {gamma}-Aminobutyric Acid Receptors, Voltage-Gated Potassium Channels, Contactin-Associated Protein 2, Leucine-Rich, Glioma-Activated Protein 1, Dipeptidyl-Peptidase-Like Protein-6
Source:Multiple Sclerosis Journal
Publisher:Sage Publications
Page Range:1541-1549
Date:October 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458515622986
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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