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Data integration for identification of important transcription factors of STAT6-mediated cell fate decisions

Item Type:Article
Title:Data integration for identification of important transcription factors of STAT6-mediated cell fate decisions
Creators Name:Jargosch, M. and Kroeger, S. and Gralinska, E. and Klotz, U. and Fang, Z. and Chen, W. and Leser, U. and Selbig, J. and Groth, D. and Baumgrass, R.
Abstract:Data integration has become a useful strategy for uncovering new insights into complex biological networks. We studied whether this approach can help to delineate the signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6)-mediated transcriptional network driving T helper (Th) 2 cell fate decisions. To this end, we performed an integrative analysis of publicly available RNA-seq data of Stat6-knockout mouse studies together with STAT6 ChIP-seq data and our own gene expression time series data during Th2 cell differentiation. We focused on transcription factors (TFs), cytokines, and cytokine receptors and delineated 59 positively and 41 negatively STAT6-regulated genes, which were used to construct a transcriptional network around STAT6. The network illustrates that important and well-known TFs for Th2 cell differentiation are positively regulated by STAT6 and act either as activators for Th2 cells (e.g., Gata3, Atf3, Satb1, Nfil3, Maf, and Pparg) or as suppressors for other Th cell subpopulations such as Th1 (e.g., Ar), Th17 (e.g., Etv6), or iTreg (e.g., Stat3 and Hif1a) cells. Moreover, our approach reveals 11 TFs (e.g., Atf5, Creb3l2, and Asb2) with unknown functions in Th cell differentiation. This fact together with the observed enrichment of asthma risk genes among those regulated by STAT6 underlines the potential value of the data integration strategy used here. Thus, our results clearly support the opinion that data integration is a useful tool to delineate complex physiological processes.
Keywords:Data Integration, Th2 Cells, Gene Regulatory Network, STAT6, Transcription Factors, Animals, Mice
Source:Genetics and Molecular Research
Page Range:gmr.15028493
Date:24 June 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15028493
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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