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Calcium-buffering effects of gluconate and nucleotides, as determined by a novel fluorimetric titration method.

Item Type:Article
Title:Calcium-buffering effects of gluconate and nucleotides, as determined by a novel fluorimetric titration method.
Creators Name:Woehler, A. and Lin, K.H. and Neher, E.
Abstract:Significantly more Ca(2+) influx is required for eliciting release of neurotransmitter during whole cell patch clamp recording in the Calyx of Held, when gluconate with 3 mm free ATP is used as pipette filling solution, as compared to a methanesulfonate-based solution with excess Mg(2+). This reduction in efficiency of Ca(2+) in eliciting release is due to low-affinity Ca(2+) binding of both gluconate and ATP(2-) anions. To study these effects we developed a simple fluorimeteric titration procedure, which reports the dissociation constant, KD, of a given Ca(2+) indicator dye, multiplied by 1 plus the sum of Ca(2+) binding ratios of any anions, which act as low-affinity Ca(2+) ligands. For solutions without Ca(2+) binding anions we find KD values for Fura2FF ranging from 11.5 ± 1.7 to 15.6 ± 7.47 {my}m depending on the dominant anion used. For Fura6F and KCl-based solutions we find KD = 17.8 ± 1.3 {my}m. For solutions with gluconate as the main anion and for solutions that contain nucleotides, such as ATP and GTP, we find much higher values for the product. Assuming that the KD of the indicator dye is equal to that of KCl-based solutions we calculate the summed Ca(2+) binding ratios and find a value of 3.55 for a solution containing 100 mm potassium gluconate and 4 mm ATP. Gluconate contributes a value of 1.75 to this number, while the contribution of ATP depends strongly on the presence of Mg(2+) and varies from 0.8 (with excess Mg(2+)) to 13.8 (in the presence of 3 mm free ATP). Methanesulfonate has negligible Ca(2+) binding capacity. These results explain the reduced efficiency of Ca(2+) influx in the presence of gluconate or nucleotides, as these anions are expected to intercept Ca(2+) ions at short distance.
Keywords:Adenosine Triphosphate, Algorithms, Buffers, Calcium, Cultured Cells, Fluorescent Dyes, Fluorometry, Gluconates, Guanosine Triphosphate, Magnesium, Neurons, Synapses, Titrimetry, Wistar Rats, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of Physiology
ISSN:0022-3751
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell (U.K.)
Volume:592
Number:22
Page Range:4863-4875
Date:15 November 2014
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2014.281097
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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