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Heterodimerization of serotonin receptors 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 differentially regulates receptor signalling and trafficking

Item Type:Article
Title:Heterodimerization of serotonin receptors 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 differentially regulates receptor signalling and trafficking
Creators Name:Renner, U. and Zeug, A. and Woehler, A. and Niebert, M. and Dityatev, A. and Dityateva, G. and Gorinski, N. and Guseva, D. and Abdel-Galil, D. and Froehlich, M. and Doering, F. and Wischmeyer, E. and Richter, D.W. and Neher, E. and Ponimaskin, E.G.
Abstract:Serotonin receptors 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(7) are highly coexpressed in brain regions implicated in depression. However, their functional interaction has not been established. In the present study we show that 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(7) receptors form heterodimers both in vitro and in vivo. Foerster resonance energy transfer-based assays revealed that, in addition to heterodimers, homodimers composed either of 5-HT(1A) or 5-HT(7) receptors together with monomers coexist in cells. The highest affinity for complex formation was obtained for the 5-HT(7)-5-HT(7) homodimers, followed by the 5-HT(7)-5-HT(1A) heterodimers and 5-HT(1A)-5-HT(1A) homodimers. Functionally, heterodimerization decreases 5-HT(1A)-receptor-mediated activation of G(i) protein without affecting 5-HT(7)-receptor-mediated signalling. Moreover, heterodimerization markedly decreases the ability of the 5-HT(1A) receptor to activate G-protein-gated inwardly rectifying potassium channels in a heterologous system. The inhibitory effect on such channels was also preserved in hippocampal neurons, demonstrating a physiological relevance of heteromerization in vivo. In addition, heterodimerization is crucially involved in initiation of the serotonin-mediated 5-HT(1A) receptor internalization and also enhances the ability of the 5-HT(1A) receptor to activate the mitogen-activated protein kinases. Finally, we found that production of 5-HT(7) receptors in the hippocampus continuously decreases during postnatal development, indicating that the relative concentration of 5-HT(1A)-5-HT(7) heterodimers and, consequently, their functional importance undergoes pronounced developmental changes.
Keywords:G-Protein Coupled Receptor, Oligomerization, Signal Transduction, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Cell Science
ISSN:0021-9533
Publisher:Company of Biologists (U.K.)
Volume:125
Number:Pt 10
Page Range:2486-2499
Date:15 May 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.101337
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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