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Identification of serum metabolites associated with incident hypertension in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam Study

Item Type:Article
Title:Identification of serum metabolites associated with incident hypertension in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam Study
Creators Name:Dietrich, S. and Floegel, A. and Weikert, C. and Pischon, T. and Boeing, H. and Drogan, D.
Abstract:Metabolomics is a promising tool to gain new insights into early metabolic alterations preceding the development of hypertension in humans. We therefore aimed to identify metabolites associated with incident hypertension using measured data of serum metabolites of the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam study. Targeted metabolic profiling was conducted on serum blood samples of a randomly drawn EPIC-Potsdam subcohort consisting of 135 cases and 981 noncases of incident hypertension, all of them being free of hypertension and not on antihypertensive therapy at the time of blood sampling. Mean follow-up was 9.9 years. A validated set of 127 metabolites was statistically analyzed with a random survival forest backward selection algorithm to identify predictive metabolites of incident hypertension taking into account important epidemiological hypertension risk markers. Six metabolites were identified to be most predictive for the development of hypertension. Higher concentrations of serine, glycine, and acyl-alkyl-phosphatidylcholines C42:4 and C44:3 tended to be associated with higher and diacyl-phosphatidylcholines C38:4 and C38:3 with lower predicted 10-year hypertension-free survival, although visualization by partial plots revealed some nonlinearity in the above associations. The identified metabolites improved prediction of incident hypertension when used together with known risk markers of hypertension. In conclusion, these findings indicate that metabolic alterations occur early in the development of hypertension. However, these alterations are confined to a few members of the amino acid or phosphatidylcholine metabolism, respectively.
Keywords:Glycine, Hypertension, Incidence, Metabolomics, Phosphatidylcholines, Serine
Source:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
Publisher:American Heart Association (U.S.A.)
Volume:68
Number:2
Page Range:471-477
Date:August 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.116.07292
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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