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Satellite microglia display spontaneous electrical activity uncorrelated with activity of the attached neuron

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Item Type:Article
Title:Satellite microglia display spontaneous electrical activity uncorrelated with activity of the attached neuron
Creators Name:Wogram, E. and Wendt, S. and Matyash, M. and Pivneva, T. and Draguhn, A. and Kettenmann, H.
Abstract:Microglia are innate immune cells of the brain. We have studied a subpopulation of microglia, called satellite microglia. This cell type is defined by a close morphological soma-to-soma association with a neuron, indicative of a direct functional interaction. Indeed, ultrastructural analysis revealed closely attached plasma membranes of satellite microglia and neurons. However, we found no apparent morphological specializations of the contact and biocytin injection into satellite microglia showed no dye-coupling with the apposed neuron or any other cell. Likewise, evoked local field potentials or action potentials and postsynaptic potentials of the associated neuron did not lead to any transmembrane currents or non-capacitive changes in the membrane potential of the satellite microglia in the cortex and hippocampus. Both satellite and non-satellite microglia, however, showed spontaneous transient membrane depolarizations which were not correlated with neuronal activity. These events could be divided into fast and slow rising depolarisations, which exhibited different characteristics in satellite and non-satellite microglia. Fast and slow rising potentials differed with regard to voltage dependence. The frequency of these events was not affected by application of TTX, but fast rising event frequency decreased after application of GABA. We conclude that microglial cells show spontaneous electrical activity uncorrelated with the activity of adjacent neurons.
Keywords:Electrical Activity, Identified Neurons, Membrane Potential, Satellite Microglia, Animals, Mice
Source:European Journal of Neuroscience
Page Range:1523-1534
Date:June 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.13256
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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