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Glioma stem cells but not bulk glioma cells upregulate IL-6 secretion in microglia/brain macrophages via toll-like receptor 4 signaling

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Item Type:Article
Title:Glioma stem cells but not bulk glioma cells upregulate IL-6 secretion in microglia/brain macrophages via toll-like receptor 4 signaling
Creators Name:a Dzaye, O.D. and Hu, F. and Derkow, K. and Haage, V. and Euskirchen, P. and Harms, C. and Lehnardt, S. and Synowitz, M. and Wolf, S.A. and Kettenmann, H.
Abstract:Peripheral macrophages and resident microglia constitute the dominant glioma-infiltrating cells. The tumor induces an immunosuppressive and tumor-supportive phenotype in these glioma-associated microglia/brain macrophages (GAMs). A subpopulation of glioma cells acts as glioma stem cells (GSCs). We explored the interaction between GSCs and GAMs. Using CD133 as a marker of stemness, we enriched for or deprived the mouse glioma cell line GL261 of GSCs by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). Over the same period of time, 100 CD133(+ )GSCs had the capacity to form a tumor of comparable size to the ones formed by 10,000 CD133(-)GL261 cells. In IL-6(-/-)mice, only tumors formed by CD133(+ )cells were smaller compared with wild type. After stimulation of primary cultured microglia with medium from CD133-enriched GL261 glioma cells, we observed an selective upregulation in microglial IL-6 secretion dependent on Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4. Our results show that GSCs, but not the bulk glioma cells, initiate microglial IL-6 secretion via TLR4 signaling and that IL-6 regulates glioma growth by supporting GSCs. Using human glioma tissue, we could confirm the finding that GAMs are the major source of IL-6 in the tumor context.
Keywords:Glioma, Glioma-Associated Microglia/Brain Macrophages, Glioma Stem Cells, IL-6, Toll-Like Receptor 4, Animals, Chickens, Mice
Source:Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
ISSN:0022-3069
Publisher:Oxford University Press (U.K.)
Volume:75
Number:5
Page Range:429-440
Date:1 May 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/jnen/nlw016
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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