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Retinal thickness measured with optical coherence tomography and risk of disability worsening in multiple sclerosis: a cohort study

Item Type:Article
Title:Retinal thickness measured with optical coherence tomography and risk of disability worsening in multiple sclerosis: a cohort study
Creators Name:Martinez-Lapiscina, E.H. and Arnow, S. and Wilson, J.A. and Saidha, S. and Preiningerova, J.L. and Oberwahrenbrock, T. and Brandt, A.U. and Pablo, L.E. and Guerrieri, S. and Gonzalez, I. and Outteryck, O. and Mueller, A.K. and Albrecht, P. and Chan, W. and Lukas, S. and Balk, L.J. and Fraser, C. and Frederiksen, J.L. and Resto, J. and Frohman, T. and Cordano, C. and Zubizarreta, I. and Andorra, M. and Sanchez-Dalmau, B. and Saiz, A. and Bermel, R. and Klistorner, A. and Petzold, A. and Schippling, S. and Costello, F. and Aktas, O. and Vermersch, P. and Oreja-Guevara, C. and Comi, G. and Leocani, L. and Garcia-Martin, E. and Paul, F. and Havrdova, E. and Frohman, E. and Balcer, L.J. and Green, A.J. and Calabresi, P.A. and Villoslada, P.
Abstract:Background: Most patients with multiple sclerosis without previous optic neuritis have thinner retinal layers than healthy controls. We assessed the role of peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) thickness and macular volume in eyes with no history of optic neuritis as a biomarker of disability worsening in a cohort of patients with multiple sclerosis who had at least one eye without optic neuritis available. Methods: In this multicentre, cohort study, we collected data about patients (age ≥16 years old) with clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and progressive multiple sclerosis. Patients were recruited from centres in Spain, Italy, France, Germany, Czech Republic, Netherlands, Canada, and the USA, with the first cohort starting in 2008 and the latest cohort starting in 2013. We assessed disability worsening using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). The pRNFL thickness and macular volume were assessed once at study entry (baseline) by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and was calculated as the mean value of both eyes without optic neuritis for patients without a history of optic neuritis or the value of the non-optic neuritis eye for patients with previous unilateral optic neuritis. Researchers who did the OCT at baseline were masked to EDSS results and the researchers assessing disability with EDSS were masked to OCT results. We estimated the association of pRNFL thickness or macular volume at baseline in eyes without optic neuritis with the risk of subsequent disability worsening by use of proportional hazards models that included OCT metrics and age, disease duration, disability, presence of previous unilateral optic neuritis, and use of disease-modifying therapies as covariates. Findings: 879 patients with clinically isolated syndrome (n=74), relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (n=664), or progressive multiple sclerosis (n=141) were included in the primary analyses. Disability worsening occurred in 252 (29%) of 879 patients with multiple sclerosis after a median follow-up of 2·0 years (range 0·5–5 years). Patients with a pRNFL of less than or equal to 87 μm or less than or equal to 88 μm (measured with Spectralis or Cirrus OCT devices) had double the risk of disability worsening at any time after the first and up to the third years of follow-up (hazard ratio 2·06, 95% CI 1·36–3·11; p=0·001), and the risk was increased by nearly four times after the third and up to the fifth years of follow-up (3·81, 1·63–8·91; p=0·002). We did not identify meaningful associations for macular volume. Interpretation: Our results provide evidence of the usefulness of monitoring pRNFL thickness by OCT for prediction of the risk of disability worsening with time in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Keywords:Cohort Studies, Disease Progression, Follow-Up Studies, Macula Lutea, Multiple Sclerosis, Optical Coherence Tomography, Prognosis, Retinal Diseases, Retinal Neurons, Severity of Illness Index
Source:Lancet Neurology
Page Range:574-584
Date:May 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(16)00068-5
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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