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Prevalence of cerebral amyloid pathology in persons without dementia: a meta-analysis

Item Type:Article
Title:Prevalence of cerebral amyloid pathology in persons without dementia: a meta-analysis
Creators Name:Jansen, W.J. and Ossenkoppele, R. and Knol, D.L. and Tijms, B.M. and Scheltens, P. and Verhey, F.R.J. and Visser, P.J.
Abstract:Importance: Cerebral amyloid-{beta} aggregation is an early pathological event in Alzheimer disease (AD), starting decades before dementia onset. Estimates of the prevalence of amyloid pathology in persons without dementia are needed to understand the development of AD and to design prevention studies. Objective: To use individual participant data meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of amyloid pathology as measured with biomarkers in participants with normal cognition, subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Data Sources: Relevant biomarker studies identified by searching studies published before April 2015 using the MEDLINE and Web of Science databases and through personal communication with investigators. Study Selection: Studies were included if they provided individual participant data for participants without dementia and used an a priori defined cutoff for amyloid positivity. Data Extraction and Synthesis: Individual records were provided for 2914 participants with normal cognition, 697 with SCI, and 3972 with MCI aged 18 to 100 years from 55 studies. Main Outcomes and Measures: Prevalence of amyloid pathology on positron emission tomography or in cerebrospinal fluid according to AD risk factors (age, apolipoprotein E [APOE] genotype, sex, and education) estimated by generalized estimating equations. Results: The prevalence of amyloid pathology increased from age 50 to 90 years from 10% (95% CI, 8%-13%) to 44% (95% CI, 37%-51%) among participants with normal cognition; from 12% (95% CI, 8%-18%) to 43% (95% CI, 32%-55%) among patients with SCI; and from 27% (95% CI, 23%-32%) to 71% (95% CI, 66%-76%) among patients with MCI. APOE-{epsilon}4 carriers had 2 to 3 times higher prevalence estimates than noncarriers. The age at which 15% of the participants with normal cognition were amyloid positive was approximately 40 years for APOE {epsilon}4{epsilon}4 carriers, 50 years for {epsilon}2{epsilon}4 carriers, 55 years for {epsilon}3{epsilon}4 carriers, 65 years for {epsilon}3{epsilon}3 carriers, and 95 years for {epsilon}2{epsilon}3 carriers. Amyloid positivity was more common in highly educated participants but not associated with sex or biomarker modality. Conclusions and Relevance: Among persons without dementia, the prevalence of cerebral amyloid pathology as determined by positron emission tomography or cerebrospinal fluid findings was associated with age, APOE genotype, and presence of cognitive impairment. These findings suggest a 20- to 30-year interval between first development of amyloid positivity and onset of dementia.
Keywords:Age Factors, Amyloid {beta}-Peptides, Apolipoprotein E4, Biomarkers, Brain, Cerebrospinal Fluid, Dementia, Genotype, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Positron-Emission Tomography, Prevalence, Risk Factors
Source:JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association
Publisher:American Medical Association
Page Range:1924-1938
Date:19 May 2015
Additional Information:Oliver Peters is an author of Amyloid Biomarker Study Group.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2015.4668
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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