Helmholtz Gemeinschaft


The impact of isolated lesions on white-matter fiber tracts in multiple sclerosis patients

[img] PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader

Item Type:Article
Title:The impact of isolated lesions on white-matter fiber tracts in multiple sclerosis patients
Creators Name:Droby, A. and Fleischer, V. and Carnini, M. and Zimmermann, H. and Siffrin, V. and Gawehn, J. and Erb, M. and Hildebrandt, A. and Baier, B. and Zipp, F.
Abstract:Infratentorial lesions have been assigned an equivalent weighting to supratentorial plaques in the new McDonald criteria for diagnosing multiple sclerosis. Moreover, their presence has been shown to have prognostic value for disability. However, their spatial distribution and impact on network damage is not well understood. As a preliminary step in this study, we mapped the overall infratentorial lesion pattern in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients (N = 317) using MRI, finding the pons (lesion density, 14.25/cm(3)) and peduncles (13.38/cm(3)) to be predilection sites for infratentorial lesions. Based on these results, 118 fiber bundles from 15 healthy controls and a subgroup of 23 patients showing lesions unilaterally at the predilection sites were compared using diffusion tensor imaging to analyze the impact of an isolated infratentorial lesion on the affected fiber tracts. Fractional anisotropy, mean diffusion as well as axial and radial diffusivity were investigated at the lesion site and along the entire fiber tract. Infratentorial lesions were found to have an impact on the fractional anisotropy and radial diffusivity not only at the lesion site itself but also along the entire affected fiber tract. As previously found in animal experiments, inflammatory attack in the posterior fossa in multiple sclerosis impacts the whole affected fiber tract. Here, this damaging effect, reflected by changes in diffusivity measures, was detected in vivo in multiple sclerosis patients in early stages of the disease, thus demonstrating the influence of a focal immune attack on more distant networks, and emphasizing the pathophysiological role of Wallerian degeneration in multiple sclerosis.
Keywords:Multiple Sclerosis, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Fractional Anisotropy, Brainstem, White Matter
Source:NeuroImage: Clinical
Page Range:110-116
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2015.03.003
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

Open Access
MDC Library