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Kinin receptors in skin wound healing

Item Type:Article
Title:Kinin receptors in skin wound healing
Creators Name:da Soley, B. and Morais, R.L.T. and Pesquero, J.B. and Bader, M. and Otuki, M.F. and Cabrini, D.A.
Abstract:Background: Wound healing is a complex and dynamic process that includes 3 different phases: inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. Kinins are vasoactive peptides released after tissue injury, and are directly involved in the development and maintenance of inflammatory processes, and their actions are mediated by the activation of receptors called B(1) and B(2). Objective: We aimed to evaluate the involvement of kinin receptors in the skin healing process. Methods: Knockout mice for kinin receptors (KOB(1), KOB(2) and KOB(1)B(2)) and wild type controls (WT) were subjected to a skin excision model, and tissue repair process was evaluated during different phases of wound healing. Results: In knockout animals for kinin receptors differences were observed in the resolution period of injury exceeding 17 days for the total closure of wounds. The absence of kinin receptors promotes a significant reduction in infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells on day 2 of the inflammatory phase. Already at the late stage of this phase (3 days) there was a negative influence on the infiltration of polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cells at the site of injury in comparison to WT. Collagen was significantly diminished in tissue of KOB(1), KOB(2) and KOB(1)B(2) from day two to the end of the healing process. Moreover, wound tissue from KOB(2) and KOB(1)B(2), but not KOB1, presented impaired parameters of re-epitheliazation, reduced proliferation of cells (PCNA immunostaining), and a lower number of myofibroblasts ({alpha}-SMA immunostaining). Conclusion: These data reveal the involvement of kinin receptors in processes of skin repair. Both kinin receptors participate especially during the inflammatory phase, while B(2) receptors seem to be more relevant in the quality of the wound scar. Thus, a better understanding of the contribution of kinins to skin wound healing may reveal novel options for therapy.
Keywords:Kinins, Wound Healing, Skin, Kinin B(1) Receptors, Kinin B(2) Receptors, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Dermatological Science
Page Range:95-105
Date:May 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdermsci.2016.01.007
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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