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Seasonality of food groups and total energy intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Item Type:Review
Title:Seasonality of food groups and total energy intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Creators Name:Stelmach-Mardas, M. and Kleiser, C. and Uzhova, I. and Penalvo, J.L. and La Torre, G. and Palys, W. and Lojko, D. and Nimptsch, K. and Suwalska, A. and Linseisen, J. and Saulle, R. and Colamesta, V. and Boeing, H.
Abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of season on food intake from selected food groups and on energy intake in adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The search process was based on selecting publications listed in the following: Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase and Agris. Food frequency questionnaires, 24-h dietary recalls and food records as methods for assessment of dietary intake were used to assess changes in the consumption of 11 food groups and of energy intake across seasons. A meta-analysis was performed. RESULTS: Twenty-six studies were included. Articles were divided into those reporting data on four seasons (winter, spring, summer and autumn) or on two seasons (pre-and post-harvest). Four of the studies could be utilized for meta-analysis describing changes in food consumption across four season scheme: from winter to spring fruits decreased, whereas vegetables, eggs and alcoholic beverages increased; from spring to summer vegetable consumption further increased and cereals decreased; from summer to autumn fruits and cereals increased and vegetables, meat, eggs and alcoholic beverages decreased; from autumn to winter cereals decreased. A significant association was also found between energy intake and season, for 13 studies reporting energy intake across four seasons (favors winter) and for eight studies across pre- and post-harvest seasons (favors post-harvest). CONCLUSIONS: The winter or the post-harvest season is associated with increased energy intake. The intake of fruits, vegetables, eggs, meat, cereals and alcoholic beverages is following a seasonal consumption pattern and at least for these foods season is determinant of intake.
Keywords:Alcoholic Beverages, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diet, Diet Surveys, Edible Grain, Eggs, Energy Intake, Food, Fruit, Medline, Seasons, Vegetables
Source:European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:700-708
Date:June 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2015.224
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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