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Effect of angiotensin(1-7) on heart function in an experimental rat model of obesity

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Item Type:Article
Title:Effect of angiotensin(1-7) on heart function in an experimental rat model of obesity
Creators Name:Blanke, K. and Schlegel, F. and Raasch, W. and Bader, M. and Dähnert, I. and Dhein, S. and Salameh, A.
Abstract:Aim: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. Recently it was shown that overexpression of the Mas-receptor antagonist angiotensin(1-7) could prevent from diet-induced obesity. However, it remained unclear whether diet-induced obesity and angiotensin(1-7) overexpression might also have effects on the cardiovascular system in these rats. Methods: Twenty three male Sprague Dawley rats were fed with standard chow (SD+chow, n = 5) or a cafeteria diet (SD+CD, n = 6) for 5 months. To investigate the effect of angiotensin(1-7) transgenic rats, expressing an angiotensin(1-7)-producing fusion protein in testis were used. These transgenic rats also received a 5 month's feeding period with either chow (TGR+chow, n = 6) or cafeteria diet (TGR+CD, n = 6), respectively. Hemodynamic measurements (pressure-volume loops) were carried out to assess cardiac function and blood pressure. Subsequently, hearts were explanted and investigated according to the Langendorff technique. Furthermore, cardiac remodeling in these animals was investigated histologically. Results: After 5 months cafeteria diet feeding rats showed a significantly increased body weight, which could be prevented in transgenic rats. However, there was no effect on cardiac performance after cafeteria diet in non-transgenic and transgenic rats. Moreover, overexpression of angiotensin(1-7) deteriorated cardiac contractility as indicated by impaired dp/dt. Furthermore, histological analysis revealed that cafeteria diet led to myocardial fibrosis in both, control and transgenic rats and this was not inhibited by an overproduction of angiotensin(1-7). Conclusion: These results indicate that an overexpression of circulating angiotensin(1-7) prevents a cafeteria diet-induced increase in body weight, but does not affect cardiac performance in this experimental rat model of obesity. Furthermore, overexpression of angiotensin(1-7) alone resulted in an impairment of cardiac function.
Keywords:Angiotensin(1-7), Cafeteria Diet, Heart, Obesity, Transgenic Rats, Animals, Rats
Source:Frontiers in Physiology
Publisher:Frontiers Media SA
Page Range:392
Date:21 December 2015
Additional Information:This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2015.00392
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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